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Table 1 Socio-demographic factors of 25–74 years old citizens in Yangon region, by urban-rural location

From: Urban-rural differences in the prevalence of non-communicable diseases risk factors among 25–74 years old citizens in Yangon Region, Myanmar: a cross sectional study

  Urban (n = 755) Rural (n = 731) Total (n = 1486) p-value#
Gender (%)
 Male 376 (49.8) 369 (50.5) 745 (50.1)  
 Female 379 (50.2) 362 (49.5) 741 (49.9)  
Age (Mean Years ± SD)
 Male 49.9 ± 13.9 46.8 ± 12.5 48.4 ± 13.3 0.001 *
 Female 47.5 ± 12.5 46.2 ± 12.4 46.9 ± 12.4 0.131
 Total 48.7 ± 13.2 46.5 ± 12.4 47.6 ± 12.9 0.001 *
Age group (%)
 25–34 142 (18.8) 144 (19.7) 286 (19.2) 0.526
 35–44 160 (21.2) 190 (26.0) 350 (23.6)
 45–54 171 (22.6) 180 (24.6) 351 (23.6)
 55–64 178 (23.6) 151 (20.7) 329 (22.1)
 65–74 104 (13.8) 66 (9.0) 170 (11.4)
Education (Mean Years ± SD)
 Male 10.8 ± 3.8 6.1 ± 3.9 8.5 ± 4.5 <0.001 *
 Female 9.7 ± 4.4 5.4 ± 3.7 7.6 ± 4.6 <0.001 *
 Total 10.2 ± 4.1 5.7 ± 3.8 8.0 ± 4.6 <0.001 *
Highest Education Level (%)
 No formal school 20 (2.6) 70 (9.6) 90 (6.1)  
 Less than Primary school 35 (4.6) 188 (25.7) 223 (15.0)  
 Primary school completed 167 (22.1) 301 (41.2) 468 (31.5)  
 Secondary school completed 176 (23.3) 102 (14.0) 278 (18.7)  
 High school completed 157 (20.8) 29 (4.0) 186 (12.5)  
 College/university completed 185 (24.5) 26 (3.6) 211 (14.2)  
 Post graduate degree 15 (2.0) 13 (1.8) 28 (1.9) <0.001 *
Income (%) a
 Less than 1.9 USD per day 313 (45.5) 470 (66.5) 783 (56.1)  
 1.9 to <3.1 USD per day 156 (22.7) 126 (17.8) 282 (20.2)  
 3.1 USD per day and above 219 (31.8) 111 (15.7) 330 (23.7) <0.001 *
  1. #p- value for differences between urban and rural values *p-value <0.05 from Wald test
  2. aMissing respondents - 91 due to refuse; (exchange rate:1 USD = 953.8 Myanmar Kyat as of 05-11-2013)