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Table 3 Mean values of PAa and determinants of PA (N = 656)

From: What explains the socioeconomic status gap in activity? Educational differences in determinants of physical activity and screentime

  Vocational school
Mean (sd)
  High school
Mean (sd)
     
  Boys
(N = 231)
Girls
(N = 273)
Total (N = 504) Boys
(N = 51)
Girls
(N = 101)
Total (N = 152) School
p
School
η2
Gender
p
School x Gender interaction
p
Physical activityb 4.0 (1.8) 3.7 (1.6) 3.8 (1.7) 4.5 (1.6) 4.4 (1.8) 4.4 (1.7) .001 .018 .380 .674
Capability
Self-monitoring 4.6 (1.7) 4.8 (1.5) 4.7 (1.6) 5.3 (1.2) 5.3 (1.4) 5.3 (1.4) .000 .030 .383 .493
Action planning 2.8 (.98) 2.7 (.99) 2.7 (.99) 3.2 (.82) 2.9 (.98) 3.0 (.94) .002 .014 .046 .223
Coping planning 2.6 (.94) 2.5 (.91) 2.5 (.92) 3.0 (.83) 2.4 (1.0) 2.6 (1.0) .081 .005 .000 .005
Opportunity
Access to facilities 5.1 (1.6) 5.1 (1.5) 5.1 (1.5) 5.4 (1.4) 5.2 (1.4) 5.2 (1.4) .219 .002 .545 .523
Material resources (money, equipment) 5.1 (1.5) 4.8 (1.5) 4.9 (1.5) 5.7 (1.5) 5.2 (1.4) 5.4 (1.4) .000 .019 .009 .546
Injunctive norm 4.3 (1.6) 4.2 (1.5) 4.3 (1.6) 5.1 (1.3) 4.8 (1.4) 4.9 (1.4) .000 .034 .163 .450
Descriptive norm 4.4 (1.3) 4.3 (1.1) 4.4 (1.3) 4.7 (1.2) 4.6 (1.4) 4.6 (1.3) .016 .009 .558 1.0
 Parental support 5.0 (1.7) 4.9 (1.7) 5.0 (1.7) 5.4 (1.3) 5.3 (1.7) 5.3 (1.6) .014 .009 .422 .978
PE Autonomy support 5.1 (1.5) 5.1 (1.5) 5.1 (1.5) 5.1 (1.5) 5.1 (1.4) 5.1 (1.4) .996 .000 .745 .966
Motivation
Positive OE 5.0 (1.4) 5.4 (1.4) 5.2 (1.2) 5.3 (1.2) 5.6 (1.1) 5.5 (1.2) .077 .005 .001 .560
Negative OE 3.4 (1.3) 3.3 (1.3) 3.3 (1.3) 2.9 (1.2) 2.9 (1.2) 2.9 (1.2) .000 .020 .322 .591
Instrumental attitude 6.1 (1.3) 6.6 (.86) 6.3 (1.1) 6.4 (.86) 6.7 (.57) 6.6 (.69) .010 .010 .000 .361
Affective attitude 5.0 (1.4) 5.4 (1.4) 5.2 (1.4) 5.4 (1.2) 5.9 (1.4) 5.7 (1.3) .002 .015 .002 .532
Intention 5.0 (1.9) 5.4 (1.6) 5.2 (1.8) 6.0 (1.2) 5.8 (1.7) 5.9 (1.6) .000 .029 .579 .085
PA identity 4.7 (1.4) 4.5 (1.3) 4.6 (1.3) 5.0 (1.5) 5.0 (1.6) 5.0 (1.5) .001 .017 .390 .432
SE & PBC 5.8 (1.5) 6.0 (1.4) 5.9 (1.4) 6.5 (.71) 6.2 (1.3) 6.3 (1.1) .001 .017 .744 .039
Automaticity 4.5 (1.6) 4.3 (1.6) 4.4 (1.6) 4.8 (1.5) 4.5 (1.8) 4.6 (1.7) .150 .003 .106 .830
  1. a PA physical activity, OE outcome expectancy, PE physical education, SE self-efficacy, PBC perceived behavioural control
  2. bDays per week with > 30 min MVPA