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Table 7 Sensitivity analysis: health cost of racial discrimination in Australia ($ millions)

From: Estimating the mental health costs of racial discrimination

Cause of Illness DALYs Discount rate
   0% 1% 2% 3% 3.3% 4% 5% 6% 7% 8% 9% 10%
Scenario A: VSL = $3.7 million
 Anxiety 40,797 3774 3736 3700 3664 3653 3629 3594 3560 3527 3494 3462 3431
 Depression 73,673 6815 6747 6681 6616 6597 6553 6490 6429 6369 6310 6252 6195
 PTSD 51,142 4731 4684 4638 4593 4579 4549 4505 4463 4421 4380 4340 4301
 Psychological disordersa 69,840 6460 6396 6333 6272 6254 6212 6153 6094 6038 5982 5927 5873
 Total of illnesses attributable to EOD 235,452 21,779 21,564 21,352 21,145 21,084 20,942 20,742 20,547 20,354 20,166 19,981 19,799
 Australian average annual GDP (2005–2012)   1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769
 Health cost of EOD as a percentage of GDP   1.7% 1.7% 1.7% 1.7% 1.7% 1.7% 1.7% 1.6% 1.6% 1.6% 1.6% 1.6%
Scenario B: VSL = $6.65 million
 Anxiety 40,797 6783 6715 6650 6585 6566 6522 6460 6399 6339 6280 6222 6166
 Depression 73,673 12,248 12,127 12,008 11,891 11,857 11,777 11,665 11,555 11,447 11,341 11,237 11,135
 PTSD 51,142 8502 8418 8336 8255 8231 8175 8097 8021 7946 7873 7800 7729
 Psychological disordersa 69,840 11,611 11,496 11,383 11,273 11,240 11,164 11,058 10,954 10,851 10,751 10,652 10,555
 Total of illnesses attributable to EOD 235,452 39,144 38,756 38,376 38,004 37,893 37,638 37,280 36,928 36,583 36,244 35,912 32,960
 Australian average annual GDP (2005–2012)   1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769
 Health cost of EOD as a percentage of GDP   3.1% 3.1% 3.1% 3.0% 3.0% 3.0% 3.0% 2.9% 2.9% 2.9% 2.9% 2.9%
Scenario B: VSL = $9.6 million
 Anxiety 40,797 9791 9694 9599 9506 9479 9415 9325 9237 9151 9066 8983 8901
 Depression 73,673 17,682 17,507 17,335 17,167 17,117 17,002 16,840 16,681 16,525 16,372 16,222 16,074
 PTSD 51,142 12,274 12,152 12,033 11,917 11,882 11,802 11,690 11,579 11,471 11,365 11,261 11,158
 Psychological disordersa 69,840 16,762 16,596 16,433 16,273 16,226 16,117 15,963 15,813 15,665 15,520 15,378 15,238
 Total of illnesses attributable to EOD 235,452 56,508 55,949 55,400 54,863 54,703 54,335 53,818 53,310 52,812 52,323 51,843 51,371
 Australian average annual GDP (2005–2012)   1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769 1,256,769
 Health cost of EOD as a percentage of GDP   4.5% 4.5% 4.4% 4.4% 4.4% 4.3% 4.3% 4.2% 4.2% 4.2% 4.1% 4.1%
  1. Note: This table is a sensitivity analysis of the results reported in Table 6 at a range of discount rates for three scenarios: Panel A assuming a value of statistical life of $3.7 million, Panel B $6.65 million, and Panel C $9.6 million. The benchmark discount rate and the associated values are indicated in bold numbers. Values reported in columns 1–11 are in millions of dollars unless indicated otherwise
  2. aExcluding anxiety, depression and PTSD