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Table 6 Health cost of racial discrimination in Australia ($ millions)

From: Estimating the mental health costs of racial discrimination

Cause/Illness Men Women Total cost
Anxiety 2557 4009 6566
Depression 4649 7208 11,857
PTSD 2956 5275 8231
Psychological disordersa 5188 6052 11,240
Total of illnesses attributable to EOD 15,350 22,543 37,893
Australian average annual GDP (2001–2011)    1,256,769
Health cost of EOD as a percentage of GDP    3.02%
  1. Source (for GDP data): World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files. GDP is in constant local currency unit (LCU)
  2. aExcluding anxiety, depression and PTSD