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Table 3 Population attributable fractions: the prevalence of illness attributable to EOD (dichotomous) by age and gender

From: Estimating the mental health costs of racial discrimination

Age group Illness/Health outcome
  Depression Anxiety PTSD Psychological disorders
  PAF (%) 95% CI PAF (%) 95% CI PAF (%) 95% CI PAF (%) 95% CI
Males
 17–24 20 (16.2–23.9) 20 (15.3–24.9) 45.9 (28.3–61.9) 27.4 (20.3–33.7)
 25–34 19 (15.3–22.8) 19 (14.4–23.7) 44.2 (26.9–60.3) 26.1 (19.2–32.2)
 35–44 16.2 (13.0–19.6) 16.2 (12.3–20.4) 39.6 (23.4–55.8) 22.6 (16.5–28.3)
 45–54 15.2 (12.1–18.4) 15.1 (11.4–19.1) 37.7 (22.0–53.7) 21.2 (15.4–26.6)
 55–64 12.6 (10.0–15.3) 12.6 (9.4–16.0) 32.7 (18.5–48.3) 17.8 (12.7–22.6)
 65–74 8.1 (6.4–10.0) 8.1 (6.0–10.5) 23 (12.2–36.5) 11.8 (8.2–15.2)
 75–100 6.3 (5.0–7.9) 6.3 (4.7–8.2) 18.7 (9.6–30.6) 9.3 (6.4–12.1)
Females
 17–24 17.4 (14.0–21.0) 17.4 (13.2–21.8) 41.7 (25.0–57.8) 24.1 (17.7–30.0)
 25–34 16.6 (13.3–20.1) 16.6 (12.6–20.9) 40.3 (23.9–56.4) 23.1 (16.8–28.8)
 35–44 15.9 (12.7–19.2) 15.9 (12.0–20.0) 39 (22.9–55.1) 22.2 (16.1–27.7)
 45–54 14.8 (11.8–17.9) 14.8 (11.1–18.6) 37 (21.4–53.0) 20.7 (15.0–26.0)
 55–64 12.3 (9.8–15) 12.3 (9.2–15.7) 32.3 (18.1–47.7) 17.5 (12.5–22.2)
 65–74 8.7 (6.8–10.7) 8.6 (6.4–11.1) 24.3 (13.0–38.1) 12.5 (8.8–16.1)
 75–100 4.8 (3.7–5.9) 4.8 (3.5–6.2) 14.5 (7.3–24.6) 7 (4.9–9.3)
  1. Note: All PAF values are percentages indicating the proportion of each illness attributable to exposure to racial discrimination and were calculated based on the prevalence data discussed in the text. Values in parenthesis are confidence intervals