# Table 4 Multinomial logistic regression

Number of observations = 390 log likelihood = −363.04 p < 0.01
Coef (SE) p > |z| 95% Conf. interval
Caries-free (ICDAS = 0) Base outcome
Initial lesions (ICDS =1/2) Maternal nationality (Not European Union) 1.05 (1.15) 0.36 −1.19/3.29
Maternal educational level (Compulsory) 0.59 (0.36) 0.11 −1.14/1.26
Paternal occupational status (Unemployed) 0.66 (0.56) 0.24 −0.45/1.77
Toothbrushing frequency (1/day) −1.12 (0.56) 0.05 −2.22/−0.01
Lactose-free milk (Yes) 0.27 (1.13) 0.81 −1.95/2.49
Sweetened pacifier at night (Yes) 0.16 (0.70) 0.83 −1.31/1.63
Moderate lesions (ICDS = 3/4) Maternal nationality (Not European Union) 0.93 (0.63) 0.14 −0.30/2.15
Maternal educational level (Compulsory) 0.40 (016) 0.01 0.08/0.72
Paternal occupational status (Unemployed) −0.55 (0.28) 0.05 −1.08/−0.01
Toothbrushing frequency (1/day) −0.27 (0.25) 0.28 −0.77/0.22
Lactose-free milk (Yes) 1.09 (0.46) 0.02 0.19/2.00
Sweetened pacifier at night (Yes) 0.63 (0.39) 0.10 −1.40/0.13
Extensive lesions (ICDS = 5/6) Maternal nationality (Not European Union) 1.39 (0.51) <0.01 0.39/2.41
Maternal educational level (Compulsory) −0.10 (0.12) 0.39 −0.33/0.13
Paternal occupational status (Unemployed) 0.03 (0.20) 0.86 −0.36/0.43
Toothbrushing frequency (1/day) −0.52 (0.20) 0.01 −0.91/−0.13
Lactose-free milk (Yes) 0.49 (0.42) 0.24 −0.33/1.31
Sweetened pacifier at night (Yes) 0.40 (0.26) 0.13 −0.11/0.91
1. The most severe caries stage (caries-free, initial, moderate, extensive) was used as the dependent variable