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Table 3 Bivariate associations with awareness that the risk of liver, breast, colon & rectal, and mouth & throat cancer is increased by drinking alcohol (N = 2100)

From: Public awareness of the link between alcohol and cancer in England in 2015: a population-based survey

  Number Liver Breast Colon and rectal Mouth and throat
   Yes % No/DK % P a Yes % No/DK % P a Yes No/DK % P a Yes No/DK % P a
Overall 2100 80.0 20.0 - 17.8 82.2 - 38.5 61.5 - 48.1 51.9 -
Gender     <0.001    0.014    0.190    0.020
 Male 1030 76.3 23.7   15.7 84.3   37.1 62.9   45.5 54.5  
 Female 1070 83.6 16.4   19.8 80.2   39.9 60.1   50.6 49.4  
Education     <0.001    0.281    0.002    <0.001
 No qualifications 315 73.0 27.0   16.8 83.2   30.5 69.5   39.4 60.6  
 Below degree 1155 79.6 20.4   17.0 83.0   38.6 61.4   46.8 53.2  
 Degree or above 630 84.3 15.7   19.8 80.2   42.4 57.6   54.8 45.2  
IMD quintilec     0.317    0.773    0.862    0.056
 5 Most deprived 479 78.1 21.9   19.6 80.4   37.0 63.0   43.0 57.0  
 4 474 80.8 19.2   16.7 83.3   38.9 61.1   47.8 52.2  
 3 426 81.5 18.5   17.1 82.9   39.6 60.4   50.2 49.8  
 2 351 77.7 22.3   18.3 81.7   40.0 60.0   47.4 52.6  
 1 Least deprived 349 82.8 17.2   17.2 82.8   37.2 62.8   53.0 47.0  
Region     0.943    0.033    0.344    0.750
 North East 115 80.0 20.0   29.6 70.4   44.3 55.7   53.0 47.0  
 North West 320 79.0 21.0   17.9 82.1   34.8 65.2   48.4 51.6  
 Yorkshire & The Humber 207 79.8 20.2   14.4 85.6   40.4 59.6   44.7 55.3  
 East Midlands 182 81.9 18.1   18.1 81.9   39.6 60.4   47.8 52.2  
 West Midlands 218 80.2 19.8   18.0 82.0   37.3 62.7   46.1 53.9  
 East of England 186 79.0 21.0   13.4 86.6   32.3 67.7   46.8 53.2  
 London 285 78.7 21.3   19.9 80.1   37.9 62.1   45.3 54.7  
 South East 378 79.8 20.2   17.5 82.5   40.6 59.4   50.7 49.3  
 South West 209 83.7 16.3   15.3 84.7   42.1 57.9   50.7 49.3  
Audit C     0.059    0.284    0.828    0.291
  < 5 1234 81.4 18.6   17.1 82.9   38.3 61.7   47.1 52.9  
 5+ 866 78.1 21.9   18.9 81.1   38.8 61.2   49.4 50.6  
   Mean (SD) Mean (SD) P b Mean (SD) Mean (SD) P b Mean (SD) Mean (SD) P b Mean (SD) Mean (SD) P b
Age 2100 47.7 (16.8) 48.6 (15.8) 0.323 47.0 (15.9) 48.0 (16.8) 0.282 48.5 (16.0) 47.4 (17.0) 0.143 47.2 (16.7) 48.5 (16.5) 0.076
  1. DK Don’t know
  2. aBased on χ2 test
  3. bBased on t-test
  4. cMissing cases (n = 21) are not presented here