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Table 1 Demographic, socioeconomic and behavioural characteristic of the respondents

From: Prevalence and determinants of diabetes among older adults in Ghana

Characteristics Male Female Total p-valuea
n (%) n (%) %
Age
 50–59 years 904 (41.0) 707 (38.9) 40.1  
 60–69 years 612 (26.5) 528 (28.3) 27.3 0.48
 70 years and above 611 (32.5) 727 (32.8) 32.6  
Residence
 Urban 1342 (59.9) 1093 (59.0) 59.5 0.59
 Rural 785 (40.1) 869 (41.0) 40.5  
Marital Status
 Never Married 24 (1.3) 24 (1.3) 1.3  
 Currently Married/Cohabiting 1785 (85.4) 537 (30.9) 59.3 <0.01
 Separated/Divorced/Widowed 318 (13.3) 1401 (67.9) 39.4  
Level of Education
 No Schooling 957 (43.5) 1303 (65.6) 54.1  
 Primary or <6 year Schooling 471 (22.5) 379 (20.0) 21.3 <0.01
 Secondary/High School 594 (28.9) 241 (12.3) 20.9  
 College/University 105 (5.1) 39 (2.1) 3.7  
Wealth Quintile
 1 (Lowest) 404 (16.4) 411 (20.4) 18.3  
 2 382 (17.1) 419 (21.2) 19.1  
 3 425 (20.2) 400 (21.6) 20.9 <0.01
 4 443 (21.7) 396 (19.9) 20.8  
 5 (Highest) 471 (24.6) 333 (16.9) 20.9  
Type of Employer
 Never Employed/Work 34 (1.4) 27 (2.0) 1.6  
 Public 304 (15.0) 95 (5.1) 10.3  
 Private 120 (5.5) 34 (1.8) 3.8 <0.01
 Self-employed 1520 (70.9) 1666 (83.6) 77.0  
 Informal 149 (7.2) 140 (7.4) 7.3  
Physical Activity
 Low 396 (21.4) 581 (29.2) 25.1  
 Moderate 256 (12.1) 234 (12.2) 12.2 <0.01
 High 1453 (66.5) 1127 (58.6) 62.7  
Alcohol Consumption
 Non Drinkers 654 (33.1) 1044 (53.4) 42.8  
 Daily Drinkers 690 (31.4) 201 (11.5) 21.9 <0.01
 Occasional Drinkers 482 (22.6) 421 (22.1) 22.3  
 Former Drinkers 269 (12.9) 260 (13.0) 13.0  
Smoking
 Non-Smokers 1222 (59.9) 1802 (91.6) 75.1  
 Current Daily Smokers 327 (12.0) 74 (3.9) 8.1 <0.01
 Former Smokers 570 (28.1) 85 (4.5) 16.8  
Fruits/Vegetables Intake
 Adequate 405 (21.1) 426 (22.2) 21.6 0.45
 Inadequate 1722 (78.9) 1536 (77.8) 78.4  
Body Mass Index
 Underweight 426 (20.0) 359 (18.8) 19.4  
 Normal 1180 (55.2) 887 (46.6) 51.1 <0.01
 Overweight 299 (15.2) 338 (18.0) 16.5  
 Obese 164 (9.6) 310 (16.6) 12.9  
  1. aPearson Chi Square Test (χ2) was used to assess the association between the sex and other socio-demographic, socioeconomic, health behaviours and anthropometric factors