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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of men and women in EPIC Norfolk

From: Residential neighbourhood greenspace is associated with reduced risk of incident diabetes in older people: a prospective cohort study

Characteristic Men
(N = 10722)
Women
(N = 13143)
All
(N = 23865)
Incident diabetes, % (n) 4.4 (473) 2.7 (361) 3.5 (834)
Age (years) 59.4 ± 9.3 58.8 ± 9.3 59.1 ± 9.3
BMI (kg/m2) 26.5 ± 3.3 26.2 ± 4.3 26.3 ± 3.9
Parent had diabetes 9.6 (1023) 10.5 (1379) 10.1 (2402)
Social class
 Professional 7.8 (801) 1.6 (196) 4.4 (997)
 Managerial 38.4 (3936) 28.9 (3607) 33.2 (7543)
 Skilled non manual 11.9 (1216) 39.4 (4927) 27.0 (6143)
 Skilled manual 25.9 (2657) 6.6 (822) 15.3 (3479)
 Semi-skilled 13.2 (1349) 16.8 (2103) 15.2 (3452)
 Unskilled 2.8 (289) 6.7 (836) 5.0 (1125)
 Townsend Index of deprivationa −2.1 ± 2.2 −2.0 ± 2.2 −2.0 ± 2.2
Overall physical activity
 Inactive 30.6 (3276) 30.2 (3963) 30.3 (7239)
 Moderately inactive 24.5 (2631) 32.1 (4216) 28.7 (6847)
 Moderately active 23.0 (2367) 22.3 (2933) 22.6 (5400)
 Active 21.9 (2347) 15.5 (2031) 18.3 (4378)
Leisure physical activity (hrs per wk cycling/sport)
 0 54.9 (5890) 50.9 (6692) 52.7 (12582)
  > 0– < 3.5 26.7 (2864) 33.0 (4340) 30.2 (7204)
  > =3.5–< 7 11.3 (1210) 10.6 (1392) 10.9 (2602)
  > =7 7.1 (758) 5.5 (719) 6.2 (1477)
 Walking in summer (hrs per wk) 10.1 ± 11.0 (10102) 9.4 ± 10.1 (12230) 9.7 ± 10.5 (22332)
Urban/rural location
 Urban 46.7 (5011) 46.9 (6169) 46.9 (11180)
 Town and fringe 20.4 (2188) 20.9 (2749) 20.7 (4937)
 Village 23.8 (2554) 23.4 (3077) 23.6 (5631)
 Hamlet/isolated dwelling 9.0 (969) 8.7 (1148) 8.9 (2117)
 Greenspace (percentage < =800 m home) 59.2 ± 29.6 58.9 ± 29.6 59.0 ± 29.6
  1. Results are % (N) or mean ± SD
  2. aA standardised index of between −6.7 (relatively affluent) to +7.0 (relatively deprived), where a score of 0 represents an area with overall mean values