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Table 4 Summary statistics, crude odds ratio (COR) and adjusted odds ratio (AOR) for Diabetes

From: Health conditions of inmates in Italy

Variable Diabetes COR 95% CI AOR 95% CI
N %
Total 492 3.1     
Age (in years)
 18–39 44 0.5 1   1  
 40–49 128 3.1 6.02* 4.26–8.50 5.92* 3.66–9.59
 50–59 177 7.9 16.36* 11.72–22.85 18.56* 11.54–29.85
 60 e + 143 16.0 36.35* 25.72–51,38 36.07* 21.66–60.06
Gender
 Male 467 3.2 1   - -
 Female 24 2.8 0.87 0.58–1.32 - -
 Transgender 1 2.1 0.67 0.09–4.86 - -
Citizenship
 Italian 341 4.4 2.52* 2.04–3.11 0.79 0.58–1.07
 Foreign 120 1.8 1   1  
Educational qualification
 Lower middle 277 3.2 1   1  
 Upper intermediate 61 4.2 1.35* 1.01–1.79 0.91 0.65–1.27
Origin of the detainee
 From freedom without detention 169 2.8 1   1  
 From freedom with previous detention 301 3.5 1.23* 1.01–1.48 1.02 0.79–1.32
Duration of imprisonments
 < 1 year 243 2.8 1    
 > 1 year 213 3.9 1.41* 1.17–1.70 1.24 0.97–1.60
Smoke
 No 151 4.0 1   1  
 Yes 258 2.8 0.69* 0.56–0.84 0.87 0.66–1.13
BMI
 Normal weight 97 1.4 1   1  
 Underweight 1 0.4 0.27 0.04–1.93 0.58 0.08–4.26
 Obese 151 8.3 6.34* 4.89–8.23 3.39* 2.44–4.72
 Overweight 190 3.9 2.84* 2.21–3.63 1.56* 1.15–2.12
  1. Abbreviations: COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, 95% CI 95% confidence interval; Crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (variables found to be associated through a univariate analysis were entered into the multivariate model).
  2. *Significant association (P<0.05)