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Table 3 Level of parental social support for eating and physical activity behavior by group

From: Association of parental social support with energy balance-related behaviors in low-income and ethnically diverse children: a cross-sectional study

  Family Food Culture Instrumental support for healthy eating Home availability/accessibility of FV Home availability of SSB Emotional support for healthy eating Rules for eating Modeling vegetable intake Modeling SSB intake Instrumental support for PA Emotional support for PA Modeling of PA
N = 977 N = 1148 N = 1164 N = 1151 N = 1146 N = 1145 N = 1143 N = 1139 N = 1139 N = 1127 N = 1144
Boys, Mean (SD) 5.23 (1.86) 4.13 (2.03) 10.56 (3.63) 1.58 (.86) 17.46 (3.88) 8.91 (2.42) 3.47 (.82) 2.80 (1.17) 3.86 (3.26) 12.84 (2.50) 3.54 (.81)
Girls, Mean (SD) 5.48 (1.73) 4.60 (1.99) 10.81 (3.56) 1.59 (.88) 17.68 (3.77) 8.95 (2.48) 3.49 (.80) 2.75 (1.23) 4.02 (3.32) 12.63 (2.52) 3.55 (.81)
t a −2.18* . − 3.59*** −1.09 −.24 −.91 −.24 −.28 .71 −.743 1.27 −.17
White, Mean (SD) 5.12 (1.79) 4.30 (1.94) 10.90 (3.26) 1.64 (.90) 18.24 (3.13) 8.68 (2.33) 3.65 (.69) 2.73 (1.28) 3.53 (3.07) 12.98 (2.35) 3.60 (.66)
Black, Mean (SD) 5.53 (2.00) 4.44 (1.89) 11.57 (3.70) 1.62 (.86) 17.96 (3.70) 9.30 (2.49) 3.61 (.66) 2.66 (1.14) 4.14 (3.58) 13.02 (2.49) 3.51 (.87)
Hispanic, Mean (SD) 5.46 (1.74) 4.42 (2.12) 10.29 (3.69) 1.54 (.82) 16.99 (4.15) 8.79 (2.43) 3.36 (.86) 2.92 (1.12) 4.14 (3.24) 12.51 (2.51) 3.55 (.86)
Other, Mean (SD) 5.26 (1.68) 4.30 (2.04) 10.43 (3.47) 1.58 (.95) 17.65 (3.79) 9.12 (2.55) 3.42 (.91) 2.62 (1.28) 3.92 (3.33) 12.69 (2.65) 3.50 (.81)
F b 2.40 .31 5.84** .77 5.72** 2.88* 7.78*** 3.77* 1.71 2.46 .73
Under weight, Mean (SD) 5.30 (1.66) 4.33 (2.00) 11.31 (3.81) 1.59 (1.05) 17.98 (3.08) 9.46 (2.48) 3.42 (.95) 2.67 (1.21) 4.15 (3.76) 12.87 (2.45) 3.44 (.85)
Normal weight, Mean (SD) 5.49 (1.82) 4.51 (2.03) 10.77 (3.54) 1.55 (.88) 17.79 (3.76) 9.06 (2.43) 3.56 (.74) 2.81 (1.18) 4.13 (3.37) 12.73 (2.52) 3.59 (.78)
Overweight, Mean (SD) 5.32 (1.83) 4.40 (1.94) 10.89 (3.54) 1.69 (.87) 18.02 (3.88) 8.82 (2.64) 3.47 (.80) 2.78 (1.18) 3.77 (3.46) 13.13 (2.47) 3.56 (.81)
Obese, Mean (SD) 5.36 (1.78) 4.08 (2.07) 10.34 (3.75) 1.55 (.81) 16.82 (3.85) 8.82 (2.36) 3.38 (.92) 2.73 (1.24) 3.79 (3.01) 12.52 (2.52) 3.47 (.88)
F b .13 2.48 1.38 1.23 4.77** 1.08 2.82* .29 .88 1.95 1.36
  1. Note: *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001
  2. aIndependent-samples t-test, bOne-way ANOVA