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Table 1 Study design and measurement timeline, Physical Activity and Redesigned Community Spaces (PARCS) Study – New York City

From: The Physical Activity and Redesigned Community Spaces (PARCS) Study: Protocol of a natural experiment to investigate the impact of citywide park redesign and renovation

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 Test
20 Intervention Parks (Phase 1)
N = 520
  A
FS
O
    A
SS
O
  FS   A
SS
O
   Comparison of 3-year post-renovation outcomes
10 Intervention Parks (Phase 2)
N = 260
(Total Intervention N = 780)
    A
FS
O
    A
SS
O
  FS   A
SS
O
      vs        
20 Control Parks
N = 600
  A
FS
O
    A
SS
O
  FS   A
SS
O
  
  1. Note. A accelerometry, FS full survey, O SOPARC (direct park observation), SS short survey (stress/quality of life). Shaded X = renovated parks reopening
  2. Phase 1 and 2 intervention parks will be combined for analysis relative to control parks