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Table 5 Parental occupational class and employment status (age 16), depressive symptoms (age 16), and typical trajectories of education and labour market attachment (ages 18–42) among women (n = 463)

From: The role of social position and depressive symptoms in adolescence for life-course trajectories of education and work: a cohort study

  Trajectory 1 (ref.) Trajectory 2 Trajectory 3 Trajectory 4 Trajectory 5
RRR (95% CI) RRR (95% CI) RRR (95% CI) RRR (95% CI) RRR (95% CI)
Unadjusted
 Low parental occupational class 1.00 2.90 (1.49, 5.66) 3.90 (1.83, 8.30) 4.47 (2.14, 9.34) 5.88 (2.65, 13.0)
 Parental unemployment 1.00 0.88 (0.42, 1.83) 1.32 (0.57, 3.03) 1.59 (0.72, 3.50) 2.10 (0.91, 4.86)
 Depressive symptoms 1.00 1.82 (0.71, 4.64) 1.38 (0.45, 4.28) 2.12 (0.71, 6.34) 2.65 (0.79, 8.94)
Mutually adjusted, Part I
 Low parental occupational class 1.00 2.86 (1.46, 5.59) 3.87 (1.82, 8.25) 4.40 (2.10, 9.20) 5.77 (2.60, 12.8)
 Depressive symptoms 1.00 1.69 (0.66, 4.28) 1.26 (0.40, 3.91) 1.92 (0.64, 5.80) 2.39 (0.69, 8.24)
Mutually adjusted, Part II
 Parental unemployment 1.00 0.83 (0.40, 1.74) 1.28 (0.56, 2.97) 1.49 (0.67, 3.30) 1.94 (0.83, 4.53)
 Depressive symptoms 1.00 1.86 (0.73, 4.78) 1.32 (0.42, 4.13) 1.98 (0.65, 5.97) 2.35 (0.68, 8.08)
Mutually adjusted, Part III
 Low parental occupational class 1.00 2.98 (1.52, 5.87) 3.87 (1.80, 8.29) 4.31 (2.04, 9.09) 5.47 (2.44, 12.3)
 Parental unemployment 1.00 0.70 (0.33, 1.48) 1.02 (0.43, 2.41) 1.16 (0.51, 2.64) 1.44 (0.60, 3.46)
 Depressive symptoms 1.00 1.78 (0.70, 4.54) 1.25 (0.40, 3.92) 1.87 (0.61, 5.69) 2.21 (0.63, 7.77)
  1. Relative risk ratios (RRRs) from multinomial regression analysis, with 95% confidence intervals (CI) within brackets. Statistically significant estimates (p < 0.05) in bold
  2. Trajectory 1: Long education into stable employment (18.1%, n = 84); Trajectory 2: Short education into stable employment (37.4%, n = 173); Trajectory 3: Part-time/precarious into stable employment (15.6%, n = 72); Trajectory 4: Continuously unstable situation (17.3%, n = 80); Trajectory 5: Unstable employment into labour market exclusion (11.7%, n = 54)