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Table 4 Immigration-associated predictors for binge drinking in adolescents with an immigration background (N = 1763)

From: Substance consumption in adolescents with and without an immigration background: a representative study—What part of an immigration background is protective against binge drinking?

  Regression coefficient β Standard error Wald df p OR 95 % confidence interval for OR
Lower value Upper value
Years living in Germany (adolescent) .042 .028 2.189 1 .139 1.043 .986 1.102
Years living in Germany (mother) −.004 .007 .454 1 .501 .996 .983 1.008
Years living in Germany (father) .002 .006 .071 1 .790 1.002 .990 1.013
Use of the German language in everyday life (adolescent) .109 .072 2.278 1 .131 1.115 .968 1.286
German language performance (mother) −.093 .059 2.474 1 .116 .911 .811 1.023
German language performance (father) −.053 .055 .926 1 .336 .948 .851 1.057
Planned type of school leaving certificate [reference category = high school diploma (at least 12 years)]:    41.369 2 <.001    
Secondary general school certificate (9 years) 1.070 .197 29.509 1 <.001 2.915 1.982 4.289
Secondary modern school certificate (10 years) .766 .136 31.640 1 <.001 2.151 1.647 2.808
Receipt of governmental financial support for livelihood (social welfare)a .416 .201 4.301 1 .038 1.517 1.023 2.248
Assimilation .195 .081 5.851 1 .016 1.216 1.038 1.424
Integration .015 .054 .071 1 .789 1.015 .912 1.129
Segregation −.444 .117 14.317 1 <.001 .641 .510 .807
Proportion of German friends .028 .197 .021 1 .886 1.029 .699 1.514
Parental attachment to patriarchal values .003 .039 .006 1 .937 1.003 .929 1.083
Parental attachment to traditions of the country of origin −.101 .035 8.440 1 .004 .904 .844 .968
Sense of one’s own nationality (adolescent)b .157 .143 1.205 1 .272 1.169 .884 1.546
German-hostile attitudes toward Germans .030 .016 3.393 1 .065 1.031 .998 1.064
Constant −2.166 .649 11.147 1 .001 .115   
  1. a0 = yes; 1 = no
  2. b0 = German; 1 = Non-German