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Table 1 Social correlates of reporting diabetes (n = 11,075)

From: Diabetes in young adult men: social and health-related correlates

Potential correlate Proportion Reporting Diabetes (%) Association with Reporting Diabetesa
Odds Ratio (95 % Confidence Interval; p value)
Unadjusted Adjustedb
Known risk factors
Age
 18 – 24 years, n = 1,951 1.44 1.0 (Not Applicable) 1.0 (Not Applicable)
 25 – 34 years, n = 3,035 1.55 1.08 (0.67 – 1.73; 0.748) 1.0 (0.62 – 1.60; 0.991)
 35 – 44 years, n = 4,053 3.45 2.46 (1.63 – 3.70; <0.001) 2.16 (1.42 – 3.27; <0.001)
 45 – 49 years, n = 2,036 5.84 4.3 (2.81 – 6.47; <0.001) 3.61 (2.36 – 5.51; <0.001)
County of birth
 At risk regionc, n = 1,245 3.94 1.37 (1.0 – 1.87; 0.045) 1.75 (1.28 – 2.41; 0.001)
 Other country, n = 9,823 2.90 1.0 (Not Applicable) 1.0 (Not Applicable)
Parents’ country of birth
 Not from at risk regionc, n = 9,073 2.90 1.0 (Not Applicable) 1.0 (Not Applicable)
 One from at risk regionc, n = 340 3.24 1.12 (0.61 – 2.07; 0.717) 1.25 (0.67 – 2.34; 0.474)
 Both from at risk regionc, n =1,518 3.62 1.26 (0.94 – 1.69; 0.127) 1.54 (1.14 – 2.08; 0.005)
Other Potential Correlates
ASGS region of residence
 Major city, n =6,503 2.77 1.0 (Not Applicable) 1.0 (Not Applicable)
 Inner regional, n = 2,510 3.82 1.40 (1.09 – 1.80; 0.009) 1.29 (1.0 – 1.67; 0.048)
 Outer regional, n =2,053 2.83 1.02 (0.76 – 1.38; 0.891) 0.90 (0.67 – 1.22; 0.503)
Marital status
 Married/de facto rel., n = 7,136 3.11 1.0 (Not Applicable) 1.0 (Not Applicable)
 Previously married, n = 555 4.86 1.59 (1.06 – 2.40; 0.026) 1.40 (0.92 – 2.11; 0.114)
 Never married, n = 3,308 2.51 0.80 (0.62 – 1.03; 0.090) 1.44 (1.08 – 1.92; 0.013)
Highest education level
 Bachelor degree or higher, n =2,788 2.73 1.0 (Not Applicable) 1.0 (Not Applicable)
 Non-degree qualification, n = 4,836 3.02 1.11 (0.84 – 1.47; 0.464) 0.92 (0.69 – 1.23; 0.575)
 Secondary school or less, n = 2,766 3.25 1.20 (0.88 – 1.64; 0.249) 1.13 (0.82 – 1.56; 0.449)
Employment status
 Employed, n = 9,292 2.49 1.0 (Not Applicable) 1.0 (Not Applicable)
 Unemp. (looking for work), n = 962 5.30 2.20 (1.61 – 3.0; <0.001) 2.75 (1.99 – 3.80; <0.001)
 Unemp. (not looking), n =589 6.96 2.93 (2.08 – 4.14; <0.001) 2.94 (2.07 – 4.20; <0.001)
Before-Tax Income
 AU$100 K+, n = 4,422 2.40 1.0 (Not Applicable) 1.0 (Not Applicable)
 AU$60 K - < AU$100 K, n = 2,637 3.19 1.34 (1.0 – 1.79; 0.048) 1.39 (1.03 – 1.86; 0.029)
 < AU$60 K, n = 2,291 3.97 1.68 (1.27 – 2.24; <0.001) 1.93 (1.44 – 2.59; <0.001)
Above-average number of life events, n = 163 3.18 1.14 (0.92 – 1.43; 0.236) 1.28 (1.02 – 1.60; 0.035)
  1. aWhere not stated, the reference category is the absence of the characteristic
  2. bAfter adjusting for age and body mass index
  3. cCountries/regions associated with increased risk of diabetes: Asia, Middle East, North Africa or Southern Europe