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Table 2 Summary of the seizures and population-normalised loads measured in wastewater data for cocaine, amphetamines and MDMA

From: Comparison of pharmaceutical, illicit drug, alcohol, nicotine and caffeine levels in wastewater with sale, seizure and consumption data for 8 European cities

  EMCDDA Drug Report 2015 UNODC Statistics Wastewater Analysis 2015
Number of seizures in 2013 Amount seized (2010–2013) Measured loads
(number/year) (kg/year) (mg/day/1000 inh)
City Cocaine Amphetamines MDMA Cocaine Amphetamines MDMAa Benzoylecgonine Amphetamines MDMA
Norway/Oslo 1086 7229 411 94 354 6468 151.5 294.7 37.7
Spain/Castellon 38033 3471 2301 20689 297 312780 463.9 0.8 5.4
Belgium/Brussels 3653 3085 1338 10127 197 40341 390.9 3.5 25.4
UK/Bristol 18569 6515 3716 3216 1223 494300 528.7 41.6 86.3
Netherlands/Utrecht - - - 10784 807 1750867 299.5 52.9 121.5
Italy/Milan 6031 128 136 5113 41 26311 380.9 10.4 15.5
Switzerland/Zurich - - - 307 40 23354 672.6 32.0 64.8
Denmark/Copenhagen 2286 2167 590 205 275 35430 337.2 11.7 53.1
  1. a Number of tablets per year