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Table 3 Individual and community characteristics predicting the transition to sexual onset among females aged 15 to 19 years

From: Community social capital on the timing of sexual debut and teen birth in Nicaragua: a multilevel approach

Variables Model 1
uHR (95 % CI)
N = 2 766
Model 2
aHR (95 % CI)
N = 2 766
Model 3
aHR (95 % CI)
N = 2 766
Community social capital (z-score)
 % of community inhabitants that have lived in the same neighborhood less than 10 years 1.13 (1.04–1.22)** 1.06 (0.99–1.14) 1.01 (0.94–1.09)
 % of community inhabitants that are Catholics 0.88 (0.81–0.95)** 0.92 (0.85–1.00) 0.98 (0.89–1.07)
 % of community inhabitants with no religion 1.07 (0.99–1.15) 1.04 (0.97–1.11) 1.02 (0.95–1.10)
 % of females in the community with onset sexual debut (aged 15 to 49 years) 1.52 (1.43–1.61)*** 1.47 (1.39–1.56)*** 1.47 (1.39–1.56)***
 % of females in the community aged 15 to 49 years currently having a child 1.33 (1.25–1.43)*** 1.14 (1.06–1.24)*** 1.07 (0.99–1.16)
 % of community inhabitants with secondary school or higher 0.75 (0.70–0.81)*** 0.98 (0.85–1.12) 1.16 (1.02–1.33)**
Individual characteristics
 Women’s education (years) 0.81 (0.79–0.82)***   0.83 (0.81–0.85)***
 Wealth index quintiles
  Poorest 1   1
  Poorer 0.76 (0.63–0.92)***   0.93 (0.76–1.14)
  Middle 0.66 (0.52–0.83)***   0.96 (0.74–1.23)
  Richer 0.59 (0.49–0.72)***   0.84 (0.66–1.06)
  Richest 0.39 (0.31–0.48)***   0.70 (0.54–0.91)***
 Woman’s religion
  No religion 1   1
  Catholics 0.53 (0.45–0.62)***   0.75 (0.63–0.90)**
  Protestants 0.64 (0.54–0.75)***   0.75 (0.62–0.89)**
 Residence area
  Urban 1   1
  Rural 1.52 (1.33–1.74)***   0.93 (0.71–1.22)
  1. ** Significant at 5 % level
  2. *** Significant at 1 % level
  3. Model 1.uHR: Unadjusted hazard ratio
  4. Model 2.aHR: Adjusted hazard ratio were estimated entering each community variable separately while adjusting for individual-level variables
  5. Model 3.aHR: Adjusted hazard ratio were estimated with community – and individual-level variables entered simultaneously
  6. All hazard ratios were estimated taking into account household sampling weight
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