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Table 4 GEE Longitudinal analysis over 5 years for Wellbeing, Mental Health outcomes and Visiting a Mental Health Professional. Farmers v’s Non-farm Workers. Results show Beta values for continuous variables and odds ratios (OR) for dichotomous variables (95% Confidence Intervals)

From: The health and wellbeing of Australian farmers: a longitudinal cohort study

  Farmers (estimated marginal means) Non-farm workers (estimated marginal means) Unadjusted GEE Farmer v Non-farm Worker TOTAL effecta GEE Farmer v Non-Farm Worker p Interactionb
ASGC regional (inner or outer) N = 2112 ASGC remote (remote or very remote) N = 824
Wellbeing Index N = 3036 −0.07 (SE 0.05) 0.04 (SE 0.02) β = −0.12 (−0.21, −0.02)* β = −0.01 (−0.14, 0.13) β = −0.21 (−0.35, −0.06)** 0.01
Self-report Mental Health N = 3034 3.42 (SE 0.06) 3.57 (SE 0.03) β = −0.16 (−0.29, −0.02)* β = 0.03 (−0.17, 0.23) β = −0.33 (−0.53, −0.13)** <0.01
Psychological distress N = 3032 14.6 (SE 0.33) 14.4 (SE 0.14) β = 0.01 (−0.04, 0.06) β = 0.03 (−0.02, 0.09) NS
Current depression N = 2743 2.65 (SE 0.22) 2.91 (SE 0.10) β = −0.25 (−0.74, 0.24) β = −0.11 (−0.65, 0.43) NS
Sought help from a Mental Health professional in last 12 months N = 2760 9 % (SE 2 %) 16% (SE 1 %) OR 0.52 (0.32, 0.83)** OR 0.59 (0.35, 0.97)* NS
  1. aTOTAL effect adjusted for confounders: age, gender, completed school, ARIA
  2. bProbability of interaction farmer status x ARIA+
  3. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01
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