Skip to main content

Table 3 General Estimating Equation (GEE) Longitudinal analysis over 5 years for Physical Health outcomes and General Practitioner (GP) Service use. Farmers v’s Non-farm Workers. Results show Beta values for continuous variables and odds ratios (OR) for dichotomous variables (95 % Confidence Intervals)

From: The health and wellbeing of Australian farmers: a longitudinal cohort study

  Farmers (estimated marginal means) Non-farm workers (estimated marginal means) Unadjusted GEE Farmer v Non-farm Worker TOTAL effecta GEE Farmer v Non-Farm Worker p Interactionb
ASGC regional (inner or outer) N = 2112 ASGC remote (remote or very remote) N = 824
Self-report Physical Health N = 3035 3.21 (SE 0.06) 3.35 (SE 0.02) β = −0.14 (−0.27, −0.02)* β = 0.03 (−0.13, 0.19) β = −0.19 (−0.39, 0.01) p = 0.06 0.02
Harmful Alcohol Use N = 2750 4.16 (SE 0.28) 4.40 (SE 0.13) β = −0.24 (−0.85, 0.38) β = −0.44 (−1.11, 0.24) NS
Current Smoker N = 2732 9 % (SE 2 %) 13 % (SE 1 %) OR 0.64 (0.37, 3.09) OR 0.63 (0.35, 3.71) NS
Overweight BMI ≥ 25 N = 1920 71 % (SE 4 %) 68 % (SE 1.5 %) OR 1.19 (0.81, 1.72) OR 0.77 (0.51, 1.17) NS
Adequate Exercise N = 965c 15 % (SE 3 %) 19 % (SE 1.4 %) OR 0.72 (0.42, 1.22) 0.78 (0.44, 1.38) NS
Chronic Illness N = 2990 14 % (SE 2 %) 12 % (SE 0.8 %) OR 1.15 (0.80, 1.66) OR 0.66 (0.44, 0.98)* NS
Injury in the last 12 months N = 2992 18 % (SE 2 %) 17 % (0.8 %) OR 1.07 (0.78, 1.46) OR 1.05 (0.76, 1.45) NS
Number of visits to a GP in the last 12 months N = 2693 1.46 (SE 0.08) 1.60 (0.04) β = −0.09 (−0.21, 0.03) β = −0.13 (−0.25, −0.01)* NS
  1. aTOTAL effect adjusted for confounders: age, gender, completed school, ARIA
  2. bProbability of interaction farmer status x ARIA+
  3. CThis data was only recorded at baseline and therefore is not longitudinal
  4. *p < 0.05