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Table 2 Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between overweight including obesity (OWOB, and two dichotomized indicators of psychosocial health, poor health related quality of life (PHRQOL), and poor well-being (PWB), in the entire sample of children (n = 7,831) with measures at baseline (2007/08) and at follow-up (2009/10)

From: Bidirectional associations between psychosocial well-being and body mass index in European children: longitudinal findings from the IDEFICS study

  PHRQOL PWB
Study year 2007/08 2009/10 2007/08 2009/10
  OR (95 % CI)a OR (95 % CI)a OR (95 % CI)a OR (95 % CI)a
OWOB at baseline (2007/08) 1.03 (0.90, 1.17) 1.10 (0.96, 1.25) 1.18 (0.95, 1.46) 1.04 (0.83, 1.30)
OWOB at follow-up (2009/10) 1.00 (0.89, 1.14) 1.07 (0.95, 1.21) 1.22 (1.00, 1.48) 1.26 (1.03, 1.54)
  1. Footnotes: OR (95 % CI): odds ratio (95 % confidence interval)
  2. Overweight including obesity (OWOB), defined according to Cole 2012 and poor health related quality of life (PHRQOL) measured by KINDL® and poor well-being (PWB) measured by Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire
  3. alogistic regression of weight status on indicators of psychosocial health, adjusted for age, sex, parental education, intervention and country