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Table 2 Construct: Energy expenditure; results of random effects mixed modeling analysis

From: Testing the activitystat hypothesis: a randomised controlled trial

Outcome Measure (unit) Time Control Moderate Extensive P P P
    Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Group Time Group x Time
TDEE MARCA Overall     <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
  (MET.min) Baseline 2,160 (121) 2,155 (205) 2,190 (194)    0.67
  Mid 2,178 (169)a 2,222 (176)b 2,432 (230) ab     <0.001
  End 2,127 (181) a 2,286 (249) a 2,491 (216) a     <0.001
  3 month 2,178 (194) 2,263 (263) 2,301 (280)     0.11
  6 month 2,208 (167) 2,258 (270) 2,207 (251)     0.56
Total activity ACC Overall     <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
  (total counts/day) Baseline 265,913 252,453 269,443    0.61
    (94,299) (79,978) (66,943)    
  Mid   257,978 327,353 406,693    <0.001
    (76,309)a (91,290)a (90,813)a    
  End   256,346 354,139 386,223    <0.001
  3 month   245,060 263,087 312,147    0.01
    (65,983)a (95,248)b (83, 508)ab    
  6 month   252,308 264,777 263,456    0.85
    (91,623) (92,075) (94,913)    
RMR IC Overall     0.86 <0.001 0.34
  (kcal/day) Baseline 1,509 (240) 1,505 (227) 1,536 (260)    
   End 1,541 (244) 1,576 (231) 1,584 (284)    
  1. Note: Summary data are raw scores and significant differences indicated in bold. Values with the same superscript were significantly different on post-hoc analysis
  2. MARCA variables: N=107 (Control, n=34, Moderate, n=37, Extensive, n=36). Accelerometry variables: N=95 (Control, n=28, Moderate, n=35, Extensive, n=32)
  3. Indirect calorimetry variables: N= 94 (Control, n=29, Moderate, n=34, Extensive, n=31)
  4. TDEE total daily energy expenditure (MET.min), MARCA Multimedia Activity Recall for Children and Adults, RMR resting metabolic rate (kcal/day), IC indirect calorimetry, ACC accelerometery, SD standard deviation