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Table 4 Urban rural differences in body mass index and abdominal obesity, STEPS Survey, Punjab, India, 2014-15

From: Urban rural differences in diet, physical activity and obesity in India: are we witnessing the great Indian equalisation? Results from a cross-sectional STEPS survey

Variables Males (N = 2326) Females (N = 2706) Total (N = 5032)
Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural
n = 923 n = 1403 n = 1072 n = 1634 n = 1995 n = 3037
Mean BMI (in kg m−2) 24.2*** (23.4–25.0) 23.8 (23.4–24.2) 25.7** (25.3–26.2) 24.1 (23.7–24.7) 24.9* (24.3–25.5) 23.9 (23.7–24.2)
Overweight (Asian cut off) 35.3 (31.5–39.2) 33.0 (28.5–37.3) 28.9 (26.2–31.7) 33.0 (29.1–36.6) 32.6 (30.1–35.0) 32.8 (31.0–37.0)
Obesity (Asian cut off) 23.2 (16.0–30.6) 22.1 (18.0–26.0) 34.3** (30.4–38.1) 23.2 (20.2–26.2) 28.0 (22.6–33.5) 22.6 (19.7–25.4)
Overweight (WHO cut off) 29.1 (23.4–34.9) 26.1 (22.4–29.7) 30.1 (25.7–35.1) 29.3 (25.8–32.8) 29.7 (25.4–34.0) 27.6 (24.9–30.2)
Obesity (WHO cut off) 10.6*** (5.9–15.3) 11.6 (9.2–14.1) 19.9 (17.2–22.6) 11.4 (8.9–13.9) 14.6 (11.8–17.5) 11.5 (9.8–13.3)
Abdominal Obesity 50.4*** (42.8–58.0) 48.4** (43.8–52.9) 72.8 (67.7–78.0) 67.0 (64.1–70.0) 64.1 (58.5–70.0) 59.1 (56.5–62.2)
  1. Estimates are weighted for age, sex, and non-response; BMI body mass index; According to WHO Overweight is defined as BMI > = 25 kg/m2 and <30 kg/m2. Obesity defined as BMI > = 30 kg/m2; According to Asian cut off overweight is defined as BMI > = 23 kg/m2 and <27.5 kg/m2; obesity defined as BMI > =27.5 kg/m2; abdominal obesity defined waist circumference >90 cm for men and >80 cm for women; data in the table are presented as mean (95 % confidence interval) or % (95 % confidence interval); *p <0.05 compared to rural subjects; **p < 0.05 compared to rural females; ***p <0.05 compared to urban females