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Table 2 Urban rural differences in dietary practices, STEPS Survey, Punjab, India 2014-15

From: Urban rural differences in diet, physical activity and obesity in India: are we witnessing the great Indian equalisation? Results from a cross-sectional STEPS survey

Variables Males (N = 2381) Females (N = 2746) Total (N = 5127)
Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural
n = 943 n = 1438 n = 1088 n = 1658 n = 2031 n = 3096
Mean number of servings of fruits and/or vegetable/day 2.3 (2.1–2.5) 2.4 (2.2–2.5) 2.2 (2.1–2.4) 2.0 (1.9–2.2) 2.3 (2.1–2.4) 2.2 (2.1–2.3)
§Mean number of servings of fruits/day 0.8 (0.7–1.0) 0.7 (0.6–0.7) 0.8 (0.7–1.0) 0.6 (0.5–0.7) 0.8 (0.7–1.0) 0.6 (0.5–0.7)
Ate less than 5 servings of fruits & vegetables/day 95.0 (92.5–97.4) 95.7 (94.0–97.4) 95.7 (92.8–98.6) 96.6 (95.1–98.1) 95.3 (93.1–97.5) 96.4 (95.1–97.6)
Always/often add salt before/when eating 9.5*** (6.0–13.1) 17.7 (13.6–21.7) 8.5** (6.9–10.0) 13.3 (10.2–16.8) 9.1* (6.8–11.4) 15.6 (12.3–18.9)
Always or often eat processed foods high in salt 11.8 (7.2–16.3) 18.0 (13.8–22.2) 15.4 (9.4–21.5) 11.2 (8.2–14.0) 13.4 (8.9–17.9) 14.4 (11.7–17.1)
  1. Estimates are weighted for age, sex, and non-response; One standard serving of fruits or vegetables is equivalent to 80 g; data in the table are presented as mean (95 % confidence interval) or % (95 % confidence interval); §data for this variable were not available for 317 participants; *p <0.05 compared to rural subjects; **p < 0.05 compared to rural females; ***p <0.05 compared to rural males;