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Table 2 Factors associated with school absenteeism among school adolescents in Jimma zone, Southwest Ethiopia, 2013

From: Household food insecurity and its association with school absenteeism among primary school adolescents in Jimma zone, Ethiopia

Variables Categories School absenteeism
Yes No COR (95 % CI) AOR (95 % CI) P-value
Household head Father 48.2 51.8 0.59 (0.34, 1.02) 0.44 (0.16, 1.16) 0.092
Mother 41.2 58.8 0.44 (0.23, 0.83)* 0.23 (0.07, 0.72) 0.012
Relatives 61.4 38.6 1 1  
Student sex Male 43.4 56.6 0.58 (0.45, 0.76)** 0.64 (0.54, 0.74) 0.005
Female 56.8 43.2 1 1  
Student residence Urban 48.3 51.7 0.74 (0.41, 0.93)** 0.52 (0.36, 0.81) 0.003
Rural 55.7 44.3 1 1  
Student age (in years) < 14 45.4 54.6 0.65 (0.49, 0.87)** 0.87 (0.57, 1.36) 0.540
>15 56.1 43.9 1 1  
Paternal occupation Farmer 51.7 48.3 1.24 (0.92, 1.66) 1.02 (0.48, 2.16) 0.944
Government worker 40.0 60.0 0.77 (0.52, 1.14) 0.64 (0.35, 1.15) 0.143
Othersa 46.4 53.6 1 1  
Maternal age (in years) ≤29 43.1 56.9 0.72 (0.41, 1.27) 0.80 (0.38, 1.68) 0.586
30–34 40.4 59.6 0.65 (0.43, 0.97)* 0.69 (0.40, 1.18) 0.177
35–39 49.2 50.8 0.92 (0.67, 1.27) 0.82 (0.52, 1.27) 0.398
≥40 51.3 48.7 1 1  
Food secure status Food insecure 59.5 40.5 1.88 (1.39, 2.52)** 2.81 (1.70, 4.76) 0.001
Food secure 43.9 56.1 1 1  
Seasonal food shortage No 37.4 62.6 0.62 (0.37, 0.96)* 0.30 (0.14, 2.05) 0.093
Yes 49.1 50.9 1 1  
Hunger at school No 47.1 52.9 0.74 (0.46, 1.18) 0.82 (0.33, 2.04) 0.661
Yes 54.7 45.3 1 1  
Student illness No 47.1 52.9 0.85 (0.65, 1.12) 1.36 (0.90, 2.06) 0.150
Yes 51.0 49.0 1 1  
Household size <5 47.3 52.7 0.97 (0.33, 0.99)* 1.16 (0.54, 2.60) 0.701
≥5 48.0 52.0 1 1  
Household Economic Status Low 54.1 45.9 1.47 (1.01, 2.17)* 1.14 (0.59, 2.16) 0.701
Medium 44.6 55.4 1.01 (0.71, 1.41) 0.81 (0.48, 1.37) 0.426
High 44.5 55.5 1 1  
  1. COR Crude Odd ratio, AOR Adjusted Odd Ratio
  2. *Significant at <0.05, **significant at <0.001, aDaily laborer, merchant, non-government worker