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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of school adolescents and their families by school absenteeism in Jimma zone, 2013

From: Household food insecurity and its association with school absenteeism among primary school adolescents in Jimma zone, Ethiopia

Variables Categories Never absent (%) Absent (%) P-value
Household head Father 391 (51.8) 364 (48.2) 0.001
Mother 77 (58.8) 54 (41.2)
Others 22 (36.6) 35 (61.4)
Caregivers’ marriage Married 424 (52.2) 389 (47.8) 0.518
Not married 81 (49.4) 83 (50.6)
Family size ≤4 105 (47.5) 116 (52.5) 0.902
≥5 299 (48.0) 324 (52.0)
Student gender Male 205 (56.6) 157 (43.4) 0.001
Female 271 (43.2) 357 (56.8)
Residence Urban 244 (48.3) 261 (51.7) 0.021
Rural 270 (55.7) 215 (44.3)
Caregiver’s religion Christian 169 (50.8) 164 (49.2) 0.638
Muslim 336 (52.3) 306 (47.7)
Mother’s age ≤29 33 (56.9) 25 (43.1) 0.160
30–34 84 (59.6) 57 (40.4)
35–39 163 (50.8) 158 (49.2)
≥ 40 133 (48.7) 140 (51.3)
Maternal Education No education 163 (52.6) 147 (47.4) 0.072
Read and writea 78 (60.0) 52 (40.0)
10school (1–8) 173 (47.4) 192 (52.6)
20school (9–12) 67 (56.8) 51 (43.2)
Collage & above 18 (43.9) 23 (56.1)
Maternal job Housewives 287 (50.9) 277 (49.1) 0.567
Farmers 21 (46.7) 24 (53.3)
Others 125 (54.1) 106 (45.9)
Paternal education No education 58 (43.6) 75 (56.4) 0.001
Read and writea 86 (67.2) 42 (32.8)
10 school (1–8) 177 (47.6) 195 (52.4)
20school (9–12) 99 (54.4) 83 (45.6)
Collage & above 63 (60.0) 42 (40.0)
Paternal occupation Farmers 217 (48.3) 232 (51.7) 0.035
Government employee 93 (60.0) 62 (40.0)  
Others 163 (53.6) 141 (46.4)  
Student age < 14 years 384 (54.6) 319 (45.4) 0.003
>15 years 116 (43.9) 148 (56.1)  
Student birth order First child 136 (50.2) 135 (49.8) 0.139
Second and above 375(52.6) 338(47.4)  
  1. awho learnt adult education or attended non-formal education