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Table 2 Associations between reason for testing, length of time aware of risk, route to testing and cognitive impairment (delayed recall and verbal fluency) among people attending for HIV testing in Goa, India (n = 1934)

From: Pathways to HIV testing and care in Goa, India: exploring psychosocial barriers and facilitators using mixed methods

Reason for testing Low score- delayed recall P-value (chi-squared) OR (95 % CI) aAOR (95 % CI) Low score- verbal fluency P-value (chi-squared) OR (95 % CI) aAOR (95 % CI)
No reason given 258 (23.6) 0.55 0.94 (0.76–1.16   280 (25.6) 0.79 1.03 (0.84–1.27  
Pre-marital test 4 (13.8) 0.36 0.53 (0.18–1.53)   6 (20.7) 0.57 0.75 (0.30–1.84)  
Repeat test 80 (21.2) 0.45 0.87 (0.66–1.15)   91 (24.1) 0.47 0.89 (0.68–1.16)  
Test before going abroad 1 (3.3) 0.01 0.11 (0.02–0.84) 0.11 (0.01–0.79) 7 (23.3) 0.56 0.87 (0.37–2.04)  
Length of time aware of risk
Child/partner who is HIV + ve 35 (29.4) 0.09 1.42 (0.94–2.14) 1.31 (1.06–1.62) 42 (35.3) 0.02 1.62 (1.09–2.39) 1.31 (1.07–1.60)
 Known for <1 month 14 (29.8)     14 (29.8)    
 Known for >1 month 21 (29.2) 0.94 0.97 (0.43–2.18)   28 (38.9) 0.31 1.50 (0.68–3.31)  
Partner’s risk behaviour 26 (28.6) 0.20 1.36 (0.85–2.16)   27 (29.7) 0.39 1.22 (0.77–1.94)  
 Known for <1 month 11 (29.7)     13 (35.1)    
 Known for >1 month 15 (27.8) 0.84 0.91 (0.36–2.30)   14 (25.9) 0.35 0.65 (0.26–1.62)  
Symptoms which you believe may be due to HIV 18 (23.4) 0.95 1.02 (0.59–1.75)   21 (27.3) 0.77 1.08 (0.65–1.80)  
 Known for <1 month 14 (29.8)     14 (29.8)    
 Known for >1 month 4 (13.3) 0.10 0.36 (0.10–1.27) 0.22 (0.05–0.96) 7 (23.3) 0.54 0.72 (0.25–2.07)  
Risk behaviour 28 (25.0) 0.62 1.12 (0.72–1.74)   36 (32.1) 0.12 1.39 (0.92–2.09)  
 Known for <1 month 19 (31.7)     26 (43.3)    
 Known for >1 month 9 (17.3) 0.08 0.45 (0.18–1.13) 0.29 (0.10–0.83) 10 (19.2) 0.01 0.31 (0.13–0.76) 0.22 (0.08–0.57) P < 0.01
Route to testing
Advised to test by Doctor 339 (23.3) 0.71 1.05 (0.82–1.34)   363 (24.9) 0.10 0.82 (0.65–1.04) 0.82 (0.64–1.04)
 <1 month ago 334 (23.3)     358 (25.0) 0.24   
 >1 month ago 5 (20.8) 0.78 0.87 (0.32–2.34)   5 (20.8) 0.64 0.79 (0.29–2.13)  
Advised to test by NGO staff 22 (36.7) 0.70 0.58 (0.03–9.98)   32 (53.3) 0.14 NA  
 <1 month ago 22 (37.9)     32 (55.2)    
 >1 month ago 0 (0.0) 0.18 NA   0 (0.0) 0.06 NA  
Advised to test by family member/friend/other ??        
 <1 month 6 (12.8)     14 (29.8)    
 >1 month ago 7 (29.2) 0.09 2.81 (0.80–9.95) 2.68 (0.69–10.42) 9 (37.5) 0.51 1.41 (0.50–4.03)  
  1. aAdjusted for gender, education, age