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Table 1 WHO prescribing indicators and recommended reference values [12, 13]

From: Prescribing indicators at primary health care centers within the WHO African region: a systematic analysis (1995–2015)

WHO prescribing indicator Reference value
Average number of medicines per encounter <2
Percentage of medicines prescribed by generic name 100 %
Percentage of encounters with an antibiotic prescribed <30 %
Percentage of encounters with an injection prescribed <20 %
Percentage of medicines prescribed from an essential medicines list or formulary 100 %