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Table 3 Correlates of the continued e-cigarette use in the adolescents from socially disadvantaged rural area in Poland

From: Use of electronic cigarettes among secondary and high school students from a socially disadvantaged rural area in Poland

Characteristic

Unadjusted OR (95 % CI)

Adjusted OR (95 % CI)

Gender

 Male

1.5 (1.2–1.8)*

1.4 (1.1–1.8)**

 Female

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

 Age (years)

1.0 (0.9–1.0)

 

School grade

 Secondary

1.0 (Ref.)

 

 High

1.0 (0.8–1.2)

 

Father education

 Low

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

 Medium

0.6 (0.5–0.8)*

0.7 (0.5–0.9)**

 High

0.5 (0.4–0.7)*

0.5 (0.4–0.7)*

Mother education

 Low

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 Ref.

 Medium

1.1 (0.9–1.4)

1.0 (0.7–1.3)

 High

0.6 (0.4–0.8)*

0.8 (0.6–1.1)

Money available per month

  ≤ 100 PLN

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

  > 100 PLN

0.6 (0.5–0.7)*

0.8 (0.6–1.0)

Alcohol use

 Non-drinker (a)

1.0 (Ref.)

 

 Moderate & Binge

0.9 (0.7–1.2)

 

Tobacco cigarette smoking status of the adolescents

 Never tobacco smoker

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

 Ever tobacco smoker

1.4 (1.0–1.9)

1.0 (0.7–1.4)

 Current tobacco smoker

3.8 (2.8–5.1)*

3.0 (2.1–4.2)*

Parental smoking

 None

1.0 (Ref.)

 

 One or both parents

1.1 (0.9–1.4)

 

Friends smoking

 None

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

 Some

0.9 (0.6–1.2)

0.9 (0.6–1.3)

 Most or all

1.7 (1.2–2.3)**

1.4 (0.9–2.0)

Perception that tobacco smoking is harmful to health

 No

1.5 (1.2–2.0)**

1.2 (0.8–1.6)

 Yes

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

E-cigarette harm perception

 As harmful

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

 Less harmful

0.9 (0.7–1.1)

0.9 (0.7–1.2)

 More harmful

0.2 (0.1–0.3)*

0.2 (0.1–0.3)*

School has the rules restricting e-cigarettes use

 Yes

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

 No

1.3 (1.0–1.5)**

1.2 (1.0–1.5)

Smoking ban in a school building and in the school area

 Yes in all places

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

 Yes in a school building but not in the school area

1.1 (0.8–1.6)

0.9 (0.6–1.3)

 No

1.6 (1.2–1.9)*

1.4 (1.0–1.8)**

  1. * ≤ 0.001
  2. ** < 0.05