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Table 3 Correlates of the continued e-cigarette use in the adolescents from socially disadvantaged rural area in Poland

From: Use of electronic cigarettes among secondary and high school students from a socially disadvantaged rural area in Poland

Characteristic Unadjusted OR (95 % CI) Adjusted OR (95 % CI)
Gender
 Male 1.5 (1.2–1.8)* 1.4 (1.1–1.8)**
 Female 1.0 (Ref.) 1.0 (Ref.)
 Age (years) 1.0 (0.9–1.0)  
School grade
 Secondary 1.0 (Ref.)  
 High 1.0 (0.8–1.2)  
Father education
 Low 1.0 (Ref.) 1.0 (Ref.)
 Medium 0.6 (0.5–0.8)* 0.7 (0.5–0.9)**
 High 0.5 (0.4–0.7)* 0.5 (0.4–0.7)*
Mother education
 Low 1.0 (Ref.) 1.0 Ref.
 Medium 1.1 (0.9–1.4) 1.0 (0.7–1.3)
 High 0.6 (0.4–0.8)* 0.8 (0.6–1.1)
Money available per month
  ≤ 100 PLN 1.0 (Ref.) 1.0 (Ref.)
  > 100 PLN 0.6 (0.5–0.7)* 0.8 (0.6–1.0)
Alcohol use
 Non-drinker (a) 1.0 (Ref.)  
 Moderate & Binge 0.9 (0.7–1.2)  
Tobacco cigarette smoking status of the adolescents
 Never tobacco smoker 1.0 (Ref.) 1.0 (Ref.)
 Ever tobacco smoker 1.4 (1.0–1.9) 1.0 (0.7–1.4)
 Current tobacco smoker 3.8 (2.8–5.1)* 3.0 (2.1–4.2)*
Parental smoking
 None 1.0 (Ref.)  
 One or both parents 1.1 (0.9–1.4)  
Friends smoking
 None 1.0 (Ref.) 1.0 (Ref.)
 Some 0.9 (0.6–1.2) 0.9 (0.6–1.3)
 Most or all 1.7 (1.2–2.3)** 1.4 (0.9–2.0)
Perception that tobacco smoking is harmful to health
 No 1.5 (1.2–2.0)** 1.2 (0.8–1.6)
 Yes 1.0 (Ref.) 1.0 (Ref.)
E-cigarette harm perception
 As harmful 1.0 (Ref.) 1.0 (Ref.)
 Less harmful 0.9 (0.7–1.1) 0.9 (0.7–1.2)
 More harmful 0.2 (0.1–0.3)* 0.2 (0.1–0.3)*
School has the rules restricting e-cigarettes use
 Yes 1.0 (Ref.) 1.0 (Ref.)
 No 1.3 (1.0–1.5)** 1.2 (1.0–1.5)
Smoking ban in a school building and in the school area
 Yes in all places 1.0 (Ref.) 1.0 (Ref.)
 Yes in a school building but not in the school area 1.1 (0.8–1.6) 0.9 (0.6–1.3)
 No 1.6 (1.2–1.9)* 1.4 (1.0–1.8)**
  1. * ≤ 0.001
  2. ** < 0.05