Skip to main content

Table 2 Correlates of ever and current e-cigarette use in the adolescents from socially disadvantaged rural area in Poland

From: Use of electronic cigarettes among secondary and high school students from a socially disadvantaged rural area in Poland

 

Ever e-cigarette users

Current e-cigarette users

Characteristic

Unadjusted OR (95 % CI)

Adjusted OR (95 % CI)

Unadjusted OR (95 % CI)

Adjusted OR (95 % CI)

Gender

 Male

1.3 (1.1–1.5)**

1.3 (1.0–1.6)**

1.9 (1.6–2.2)*

1.7 (1.4–2.2)*

 Female

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

 Age (years)

1.1 (1.1–1.2)*

0.9 (0.8–1.0)

1.1 (1.1–1.2)*

0.9 (0.8–1.0)

School grade

 Secondary

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

 High

1.6 (1.3–1.9)*

1.1 (0.7–1.7)

1.5 (1.3–1.8) *

1.0 (0.6–1.7)

Father education

 Low

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

 Medium

0.9 (0.7–1.1)

1.5 (1.1–2.0)**

0.5 (0.4–0.7)*

0.9 (0.6–1.2)

 High

0.8 (0.6–0.9)**

1.1 (0.8–1.6)

0.4 (0.3–0.5)*

0.6 (0.4–0.9)**

Mother education

 Low

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 Ref.

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

 Medium

0.9 (0.7–1.1)

0.8 (0.6–1.0)

1.0 (0.8–1.2)

0.9 (0.7–1.2)

 High

0.4 (0.3–0.5)*

0.5 (0.4–0.7)*

0.3 (0.2–0.3)*

0.5 (0.3–0.7)*

Money available per month

  ≤ 100 PLN

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

  > 100 PLN

0.7 (0.5–0.8)*

1.0 (0.8–1.3)

0.4 (0.3–0.5)*

0.8 (0.6–1.1)

Alcohol use

 Non-drinker (a)

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

1.00 Ref.

 Moderate & Binge

5.6 (4.3–7.2)*

5.3 (4.0–7.1)*

5.0 (4.0–6.2)*

4.3 (3.2–5.7)*

Tobacco cigarette smoking status of the adolescents

 Never tobacco smoker

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

 Ever tobacco smoker

6.9 (5.5–8.6)*

6.7 (5.2–8.7)*

9.3 (7.2–12.2)*

7.5 (5.5–10.1)*

 Current tobacco smoker

12.9 (10.0–16.8)*

9.8 (7.2–13.3)*

48.6 (36.8–64.3)*

32.5 (23.2–45.5)*

Parental smoking

 None

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

 One or both parents

1.8 (1.5–2.1)*

1.4 (1.1–1.7)**

2.0 (1.7–2.4)*

1.4 (1.1–1.8)**

Friends smoking

 None

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

 Some

2.2 (1.7–2.9)*

1.4 (1.0–1.9)**

1.9 (1.5–2.4)*

1.5 (1.1–2.2)**

 Most or all

6.3 (4.8–8.4)*

2.3 (1.7–3.3)*

10.5 (8.0–13.7)*

4.5 (3.1–6.5)**

Perception that tobacco smoking is harmful to health

 No

1.9 (1.4–2.0)*

1.9 (1.3–2.7)*

2.9 (2.2–3.7)*

3.2 (2.2–4.7)*

 Yes

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

E-cigarette harm perception

 As harmful

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

 Less harmful

1.1 (0.9–1.3)

1.8 (1.4–2.2)*

1.0 (0.8–1.1)

2.1 (1.7–2.7)*

 More harmful

2.9 (2.2–3.9)**

2.7 (1.9–3.8)*

0.6 (0.4–0.9)**

0.3 (0.2–0.6)*

School has the rules restricting e-cigarettes use

 Yes

1.0 (Ref.)

 

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

 No

1.2 (1.0–1.4)

 

1.5 (1.2–1.7)*

0.9 (0.7–1.2)

Smoking ban in a school building and in the school area

 Yes in all places

1.0 (Ref.)

 

1.0 (Ref.)

1.0 (Ref.)

 Yes in a school building but not in the school area

1.3 (1.0–1.8)

 

1.4 (1.1–2.0)**

0.7 (0.5–1.2)

 No

1.2 (1.0–1.5)

 

1.9 (1.6–2.3)*

1.0 (0.8–1.4)

  1. * ≤ 0.001
  2. ** < 0.05