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Table 2 Factors associated with willingness to use self-testing kit for dengue if the kit were available (N = 2512)

From: Nationwide study of factors associated with public’s willingness to use home self-test kit for dengue fever in Malaysia

Socio-demographic variables Willingness to use dengue home test kit Logistic regression model (N = 2512) OR (95 % CI) for yes vs. no
Frequency Yes (1126) No (1386) p
N (%) N (%) N (%)  
Age (years)
 18–30 925(36.8) 458(49.5) 467(50.5)   1.32(0.91,1.92)
 31–45 562(22.4) 238(42.3) 324(57.7) 0.011 1.03(0.80,1.33)
 46 or above 1025(40.8) 430(42.0) 595(58.0)   1
Gender
 Male 717(28.5) 332(40.3) 385(53.7) 0.071 -
 Female 1795(64.3) 794(44.2) 1001(55.8)   
Marital status
 Single 766(35.7) 392(51.2) 374(48.8) 0.021 1.09(0.70,1.43)
 Ever married 1381(64.3) 610(44.2) 771(55.8)   1
Ethnicity
 Malay 1394(55.5) 713(51.1) 681(48.9) 0.001 0.55(0.33,0.93)*
 Chinese 771(30.7) 247(32.0) 524(68.0)   0.23(0.13,0.41)
 Indian 249(9.9) 101(40.6) 148(59.4)   0.35(0.19,0.64)
 Others 98(3.9) 65(66.3) 33(33.7)   1
Religion
 Muslim 1477(58.8) 757(51.30) 720(48.7) 0.066  
 Christian 152(6.1) 55(36.2) 97(63.8)   
 Buddhist 515(20.5) 160(32.2) 349(67.8)   
 Others 368(14.6) 148(40.2) 220(59.8)   
Highest educational level
 Primary school 396(15.8) 155(39.1) 241(60.9) 0.001 0.65(0.43,0.89)*
 Secondary school 1292(51.4) 570(44.1) 722(55.9)   0.73(0.57,0.90)
 Tertiary 824(32.8) 401(48.7) 423(51.3)   1
Occupation
 Skilled worker 667(26.6) 299(44.8) 368(55.2) 0.051 -
 Non-skilled worker 396(15.8) 169(42.7) 227(57.3)   -
 Unemployed 1449(57.7) 658(45.4) 791(54.6)   -
Monthly average household income
 ≤ RM2000 790(31.4) 380(48.1) 410(51.9) 0.071 -
 > RM2000 1722(68.6) 746(43.3) 976(56.7)   -
Dengue experience
 Yes (once) 148(5.9) 77(52) 71(48.0) 0.064 -
 No 2364(94.1) 1049(44.4) 1315(55.6) -  
Health beliefs
Perceived severity of dengue fever
 0–5 201(8.0) 76(37.8) 125(62.2) 0.002 0.90(0.64,1.27)
 6–10 2311(92.0) 1050(45.4) 1261(54.6)   1
Perceived susceptibility to dengue fever
 0–5 1793(71.4) 805(44.9) 988(55.1) 0.052 -
 6–10 719(28.6) 321(44.6) 398(55.4)   -
Perceived barriers to dengue prevention
 0–5 2002(79.7) 878(43.9) 1124(56.1) 0.031 0.67(0.53,0.85)*
 6–10 510(20.3) 248(48.6) 262(51.4)   1
Self-Efficiency      
 Agree 1747(69.5) 776(44.4) 971(55.6) 0.061 -
 Disagree 765(31.5) 350(45.8) 415(54.2)   
Dengue fever knowledge score
 0–22 797(31.7) 310(38.9) 487(61.6) 0.001 0.75(0.61,0.91)*
 23–44 1715(68.3) 816(47.6) 899(52.4)   1
  1. Note: Not all subtotals add up to the total of 2,512 owing to missing values
  2. Hosmer and Lemeshow test, χ2 (8) = 10.48, p = 0.67; Cox & Snell R2 = 0.511; Nagelkerke R2 = 0.685
  3. *p < 0.001