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Table 5 Gender differences in totala and beverage-specific alcohol consumption (in liters of pure alcohol a year) in HUNT2 and HUNT3, in multivariate adjusted means and mean differences (with 95 % confidence intervals)b

From: Gender differences and gender convergence in alcohol use over the past three decades (1984–2008), The HUNT Study, Norway

  Liters of pure alcohol a year
N = 35587 Total volume Beer Wine Liquor
HUNT2 All 2.18 0.84 0.55 0.78
Women 1.59 0.50 0.70 0.39
Men 2.66 1.11 0.43 1.11
Mean gender differences (95 % CI)b 1.13 (1.09, 1.18) 0.67 (0.65,0.70) −0.25 (−0.27, −0.22) 0.70 (0.68,0.72)
N = 36322     
HUNT3 All 2.32 0.85 0.98 0.40
Women 1.80 0.47 1.16 0.17
Men 2.83 1.41 0.80 0.63
Mean gender differences (95 % CI)b 1.08 (1.03, 1.12) 0.98 (0.95, 1.00) −0.35 (−0.37,-0.33) 0.45 (0.43, 0.47)
Gender differences changec: P = 0.029 P < .001 P < .001 P < .001
  1. aTotal consumption was the summarized beverage-specific intake reported by recent drinkers
  2. bMeans and mean differences were adjusted for age, education level and marital status
  3. cGender differences change: p-value for interaction term between gender and survey (H2 = reference)