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Table 1 PREDIMED Diet goals20 compared to Med-South Diet goalsa

From: A community-based lifestyle and weight loss intervention promoting a Mediterranean-style diet pattern evaluated in the stroke belt of North Carolina: the Heart Healthy Lenoir Project

Food PREDIMED Diet goal Med-South Diet goal
1--Vegetable Oil Olive oil group: ≥ 4 tbsp/day extra virgin olive oil 2–6 servings/day of foods high in healthy fats (nuts, fish, full fat salad dressings and spreads, other foods prepared with olive or vegetable oils, and vegetables with high fat content such as avocado)
2--Tree nuts and peanuts Nut group: ≥ 3 servings/wk b ≥3 servings/wk
3--Fresh fruits ≥3 servings/day ≥7 servings for fruits and vegetables/day
4--Vegetables ≥3 servings/day
5--Fish (especially fatty fish), seafood ≥3 servings/wk ≥1 servings/wk
6--Legumes ≥3 servings/wk ≥3 servings/wk
7--Sofritob ≥2 servings/wk No recommendation
8--White meat Instead of red meat Consume poultry often
9--Wine with meals (optional, only for habitual drinkers) ≥7 glasses/wk Do not recommend starting wine consumption, but provide information on effects of alcohol for heart health, suggesting up to 1 serving a day for females and up to 2 for males
10--Soda drinks <1 drink/day <1 drink/day
11--Commercial bakery goods, sweets, and pastries <3 servings/wk <3 servings/wk
12--Spread fats <1 serving/day Up to several servings/day of trans fat free spreads
13--Red and processed meats <1 serving/day ≤1 serving/day
  1. Abbreviations: PREDIMED Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea, tbsp tablespoon, wk week
  2. aRows in italics indicate identical or nearly identical dietary recommendations
  3. bThe PREDIMED intervention recommended nuts daily, but considered nut consumption ≥ 3 servings/wk to be adherent to the nut recommendation
  4. cSofrito is a sauce made with tomato and onion, often including garlic and aromatic herbs, and slowly simmered with olive oil