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Table 5 Adjusted associations between physical activity patterns and dietary patterns (Adjusted Odds Ratios with 95 % Confidence Intervals)

From: Associations between physical activity patterns and dietary patterns in a representative sample of Polish girls aged 13-21 years: a cross-sectional study (GEBaHealth Project)

Physical activity patterns Dietary patterns Tertiles of dietary patterns Tertiles of physical activity patterns
Bottom Middle Upper
‘School/work activity’ ‘Traditional Polish’ Bottom ref. ref.   ref.  
   Middle ref. 1.01 (0.70; 1.46) 0.98 (0.69; 1.40)
   Upper ref. 1.03 (0.72; 1.48) 1.08 (0.75; 1.54)
  ‘Fruit & vegetables’ Bottom ref. ref.   ref.  
   Middle ref. 1.27 (0.89; 1.81) 1.23 (0.87; 1.75)
   Upper ref. 1.51* (1.04; 2.18) 1.76** (1.24; 2.51)
  ‘Fast food & sweets’ Bottom ref. ref.   ref.  
   Middle ref. 1.20 (0.84; 1.72) 0.82 (0.57; 1.17)
   Upper ref. 1.20 (0.84; 1.72) 1.04 (0.74; 1.47)
  ‘Dairy & fats’ Bottom ref. ref.   ref.  
   Middle ref. 1.07 (0.74; 1.53) 1.09 (0.77; 1.54)
   Upper ref. 1.58* (1.10; 2.26) 1.20 (0.85; 1.71)
‘Active recreation’ ‘Traditional Polish’ Bottom ref. ref.   ref.  
   Middle ref. 0.60** (0.42; 0.86) 0.60** (0.42; 0.86)
   Upper ref. 0.64* (0.44; 0.92) 0.52*** (0.36; 0.75)
  ‘Fruit & vegetables’ Bottom ref. ref.   ref.  
   Middle ref. 1.50* (1.07; 2.11) 1.94*** (1.35; 2.78)
   Upper ref. 1.25 (0.88; 1.77) 2.02*** (1.41; 2.91)
  ‘Fast food & sweets’ Bottom ref. ref.   ref.  
   Middle ref. 1.20 (0.84; 1.70) 0.90 (0.63; 1.29)
   Upper ref. 0.85 (0.60; 1.20) 0.74 (0.53; 1.05)
  ‘Dairy & fats’ Bottom ref. ref.   ref.  
   Middle ref. 0.95 (0.67; 1.34) 1.12 (0.78; 1.60)
   Upper ref. 1.12 (0.79; 1.58) 1.30 (0.91; 1.85)
‘Yard activity’ ‘Traditional Polish’ Bottom ref. ref.   ref.  
   Middle ref. 0.76 (0.54; 1.07) 1.02 (0.71; 1.47)
   Upper ref. 0.83 (0.59; 1.19) 0.99 (0.69; 1.43)
  ‘Fruit & vegetables’ Bottom ref. ref.   ref.  
   Middle ref. 1.19 (0.85; 1.67) 1.65** (1.15; 2.36)
   Upper ref. 1.36 (0.96; 1.92) 2.17**** (1.50; 3.14)
  ‘Fast food & sweets’ Bottom ref. ref.   ref.  
   Middle ref. 0.69* (0.49; 0.99) 0.73 (0.51; 1.06)
   Upper ref. 0.59** (0.41; 0.83) 0.53*** (0.37; 0.76)
  ‘Dairy & fats’ Bottom ref. ref.   ref.  
   Middle ref. 0.88 (0.62; 1.24) 1.07 (0.75; 1.54)
   Upper ref. 1.14 (0.81; 1.61) 1.32 (0.92; 1.89)
‘Walking & domestic activity’ ‘Traditional Polish’ Bottom ref. ref.   ref.  
   Middle ref. 1.41* (1.00; 1.99) 1.37 (0.97; 1.93)
   Upper ref. 1.34 (0.94; 1.91) 1.34 (0.95; 1.91)
  ‘Fruit & vegetables’ Bottom ref. ref.   ref.  
   Middle ref. 0.86 (0.61; 1.21) 0.88 (0.62; 1.23)
   Upper ref. 0.94 (0.67; 1.33) 0.82 (0.58; 1.17)
  ‘Fast food & sweets’ Bottom ref. ref.   ref.  
   Middle ref. 1.27 (0.90; 1.80) 1.02 (0.72; 1.45)
   Upper ref. 1.26 (0.89; 1.78) 0.95 (0.68; 1.34)
  ‘Dairy & fats’ Bottom ref. ref.   ref.  
   Middle ref. 0.85 (0.60; 1.22) 1.01 (0.69; 1.48)
   Upper ref. 0.93 (0.66; 1.31) 1.02 (0.72; 1.43)
Total physical activity ‘Traditional Polish’ Bottom ref. ref.   ref.  
   Middle ref. 1.07 (0.75; 1.53) 0.89 (0.63; 1.25)
   Upper ref. 1.06 (0.74; 1.51) 0.85 (0.60; 1.22)
  ‘Fruit & vegetables’ Bottom ref. ref.   ref.  
   Middle ref. 1.06 (0.76; 1.49) 1.32 (0.94; 1.87)
   Upper ref. 1.67** (1.17; 2.38) 2.47**** (1.73; 3.54)
  ‘Fast food & sweets’ Bottom ref. ref.   ref.  
   Middle ref. 1.04 (0.73; 1.46) 0.83 (0.58; 1.17)
   Upper ref. 0.99 (0.70; 1.39) 0.95 (0.68; 1.34)
  ‘Dairy & fats’ Bottom ref. ref.   ref.  
   Middle ref. 1.06 (0.75; 1.50) 1.28 (0.90; 1.81)
   Upper ref. 1.43* (1.01; 2.00) 1.38 (0.97; 1.96)
  1. All data adjusted for sample weights. Odd Ratios were further adjusted for age (continuous variable), BMI (categorical variable) and socioeconomic status (continuous variable measured as SES index which was calculated from four single components: mother’s education, father’s education, economic status, description of household)
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001, ****p < 0.0001