Skip to main content

Table 1 Crash / primary victim factors associated with grievous injury

From: The epidemiology of road traffic injury hotspots in Kigali, Rwanda from police data

  Total Grievous Non-grievous OR (IC 95 %)
Age, Mean (SD) 36.41 (10.32) 31.98 (11.96) 36.79 (10.14)*
Male, N (%) 4248 (92.5) 380 (86.36) 3749 (93.14)*
Time of day, N (%)
 Day 1268 (49.1) 191 (41.1) 1055 (51.1)* Ref
 Dawn 382 (14.8) 89 (19.1) 285 (13.8) 2.41 (1.41;4.10)**
 Night 930 (36.1) 185 (39.8) 723 (35.1) 1.69 (1.07;2.66)**
Day of Week, N (%)
 Monday 410 (15.9) 76 (16.3) 319 (15.5) Ref
 Tuesday 388 (15.1) 64 (13.7) 320 (15.6) 1.02 (0.53;1.94)
 Wednesday 352 (13.7) 55 (11.8) 293 (14.2) 0.87 (0.44;1.69)
 Thursday 354 (13.7) 73 (15.6) 276 (13.4) 0.97 (0.52;1.81)
 Friday 394 (15.3) 72 (15.4) 308 (15.0) 1.02 (0.54;1.92
 Saturday 351 (13.6) 64 (13.7) 283 (13.6) 1.25 (0.64;2.41)
 Sunday 328 (12.7) 63 (13.5) 258 (12.5) 1.04 (0.53;2.03)
Visibility, N (%)
 Daylight 1487 (65.9) 266 (65.4) 1197 (66.0) Ref
 Streetlight 544 (24.1) 96 (23.6) 441 (24.3) 0.79 (0.49;1.27)
 Dark 225 (10.0) 45 (11.0) 175 (9.7) 1.01 (0.51;1.94)
Primary Crash Vehicle, N (%)
 Pedestrians & Cyclists 6 (0.3) 3 (0.2)  
 Cars 1121 (43.8) 157 (34.1) 948 (46.1)* Ref
 Motorcycles 372 (14.5) 143 (31.0) 219 (10.1) 4.27 (2.54;7.24)**
 Buses 374 (14.6) 67 (14.5) 301 (14.6) 2.11 (1.22;3.63)**
 Trucks 686 (26.8) 91 (19.7) 583 (28.4) 1.88 (1.19;3.00)**
Primary Victim Vehicle, N (%)
 Cars 1214 (53.9) 37 (8.7) 1156 (64.6)* Ref
 Pedestrians & Cyclists 257 (11.4) 220 (51.8) 34 (1.8) 263.64 (147.02;496.53)**
 Motorcycles 346 (15.4) 139 (32.8) 196 (11.0) 23.86 (15.26;38.41)**
 Buses 186 (8.3) 10 (2.3) 174 (9.7) 1.20 (0.43;2.81)
 Trucks 248 (11.0) 18 (4.2) 228 (12.7) 2.89 (1.49;4.51)**
Paved Roads, N (%) 2364 (95.6) 423 (96.4) 1901 (95.6) 0.41 (0.14;1.16)
  1. (N number, SD standard deviation) *Significant at P < 0.05 in a bivariate association; **Significant at a P < 0.05 in the multivariate model; OR odds ratio