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Table 4 Associations between physical activity levels and BMI-z-scores in rural South Asian children aged 5–14 years

From: Prevalence and correlates of achieving recommended physical activity levels among children living in rural South Asia—A multi-centre study

Type of physical activity Age and sex adjusteda β-coefficient (95 % CI) Multivariate-adjustedb β-coefficient (95 % CI)
Mode of travel
 Motorized transport 0.00 (ref) 0.00 (ref)
 Active transport −0.1 (−0.3, 0.05) −0.1 (−0.3, 0.1)
p-value 0.14 0.28
Leisure-time physical activity
  < 1 h/day 0.00 (ref) 0.00 (ref)
  ≥ 1 h/day −0.06 (−0.3, 0.16) −0.09 (−0.3, 0.16)
p-value 0.56 0.47
Sedentary activity
  > 2 h/day 0.00 (ref) 0.00 (ref)
  ≤ 2 h/day −0. 2 (−0.4, − 0.04) −0.3 (−0.5, −0.08)
p-value 0.01 0.008
  1. aThe outcome BMI-z- score is adjusted for age and sex
  2. bAdjusted for site, SES (tertiles), Highest household education in categories, processed food consumption as binary, fruit-vegetable consumption as binary, leisure-time physical activity as binary (for mode of travel and sedentary activity), active mode of travel as binary (for leisure-time physical activity and sedentary activity) and sedentary activity as binary (for leisure-time physical activity and active mode of travel)