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Table 2 Discriminant validity for the modified CFPQ using ultra-processed food intake

From: Validation of the comprehensive feeding practices questionnaire in parents of preschool children in Brazil

Factors Ultra-processed Food p*
Low Intake High Intake
M (SD) M (SD)
Proposed Scale
Healthy Eating Guidance 4.43 (0.41) 4.33 (0.46) 0.045
Monitoring 4.63 (0.62) 4.37 (0.76) <0.001
Restriction for Weight Control 2.10 (0.86) 2.14 (0.94) 0.828
Restriction for Health 3.48 (1.20) 3.80 (1.06) 0.008
Emotion Regulation/Food as Reward 1.56 (0.59) 1.77 (0.69) 0.003
Pressure 3.26 (0.97) 3.39 (0.90) 0.349
  1. M means, SD standard deviation, p p value.*Mann-Whitney’s test. Low ultra-processed food intake < =1.69 (Median of the 13 food groups) and High ultra-processed food intake >1.69 (Median of the 13 food groups). Response options: 1 = No intake in the last 7 days; 2 = Ate 1 to 2 times in the last 7 days; 3 = Ate 3 to 4 times in the last 7 days; 4 = Ate 5 to 6 times in the last 7 days; 5 = Ate every day in the last 7 days