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Table 1 Descriptive statistics

From: Social capital and healthy ageing in Indonesia

Variable description Mean/Proportion
Dependent variables  
 Katz ADL: 20.31 %
  0 = Require assistance  
  1 = Moderately independent 35.81 %
  2 = Highly independent 43.88 %
 Self-assessment of general health status (SAHS_1): 1 = Generally unhealthy, 0 = Generally healthy 0.41
 Self-assessment of future health (SAHS_2): 1 = Unlikely to improve, 0 = Likely to improve 0.25
 Chronic illness: hypertension = 1if diagnosed with hypertension, 0 if otherwise 0.23
 Chronic illness = 1if diagnosed with at least one chronic illness, 0 if otherwise 0.32
 Self-assessed Mental health = 1 if respondent experienced at least one adverse issue, 0 if otherwise 0.26
Instrumental variable  
 Community conflicts:  
  No violence/conflicts 39.80 %
  Occasional violence/conflicts 49.84 %
  More frequent violence/conflicts 10.36 %
Independent variables  
 50 years old and older 59.27
 Age 50–60 years 0.65
 Aged 61–70 0.27
 Aged 71 or more 0.08
 Male = 1, female = 0 0.54
 Married = 1, 0 otherwise 0.77
 Rural = 1, 0 = urban 0.73
 Household size 4.39
 DV with 1 = disaster occurred in the area within the past five years, 0 = otherwise 0.25
 DV with 1 = there are health centres for the elderly in the area, 0 = otherwise 0.28
 DV for 1 = not Islam, 0 = otherwise 0.46
 DV for No education 0.14
 DV for Elementary education or equivalent 0.56
 DV for Junior high education or equivalent 0.13
 DV for Senior high education or equivalent 0.11
 DV for University education or higher 0.06
 DV for Employed 0.71
 DV for Housekeeper 0.18
 DV for Other employment avenues or unemployed 0.10
 Log of monthly HH expenditure 14.74
 The number of medical workers who service this community 1.42
 Social Capital I – Neighbourhood Trust  
  Little/No trust 1.71 %
  Moderate level of trust 47.39 %
  Highly trusting 50.90 %
 Social Capital II – Community Participation  
  No participation 16.15 %
  Little participation 42.82 %
  Moderate to active participation 41.03 %