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Table 2 Crash circumstances, crash site infrastructure, trip conditions and cyclist characteristics, 276 cyclists injured in Toronto

From: Bicycling crashes on streetcar (tram) or train tracks: mixed methods to identify prevention measures

  Crash directly involved streetcar or train track Other or unknown crash circumstance
  N % N %
  87 a31.5 189 a68.5
Crash circumstances     
 Motor vehicle involved 36 b41.4 97 c51.9
Infrastructure at Crash Site     
 Route typed     
  Major street with parked cars, no bike infrastructure 49 56.3 53 28.0
  Major street, no parked cars, no bike infrastructure 26 29.9 58 30.7
  Major street with painted bike lane 7 8.0 29 15.3
  Residential street 2 2.3 20 10.6
  Sidewalk or multiuse path 3 3.4 29 15.3
 Intersection statusd     
  Non-intersection 59 67.8 143 75.7
  Intersection, straight through 13 14.9 42 22.2
  Intersection, right turn 2 2.3 3 1.6
  Intersection, left turn 13 14.9 1 0.5
 Grade     
  Downhill 28 32.2 75 39.7
  Flat 52 59.8 91 48.1
  Uphill 7 8.0 23 12.2
 Construction present 13 14.9 21 11.1
Trip Conditions     
 Weather during trip     
  Clear 52 59.8 127 69.4
  Cloud cover 20 23.0 35 19.1
  Rain, snow or fog 12 13.8 13 7.1
  Wind 3 3.4 8 4.4
 Trip purpose     
  Multiple 4 4.6 12 6.3
  Personal business 21 24.1 31 16.4
  Recreation 9 10.3 33 17.5
  Social reasons 11 12.6 37 19.6
  Commute to work or school, job 42 48.3 76 40.2
 Bike type used on tripd     
  Hybrid 37 42.5 49 25.9
  Racing, track, fixed gear 14 16.1 24 12.7
  City 6 6.9 9 4.8
  Mountain 17 19.5 57 30.2
  Touring/road 9 10.3 32 16.9
  Other: BMX, cruiser, folding 4 4.6 18 9.5
 Drugs or alcohol used in 6 h prior to trip     
  Medication 5 5.7 17 9.0
  Alcohol 10 11.5 18 9.5
  Marijuana 1 1.1 4 2.1
Cyclist characteristics     
 Age     
  20–29 32 36.8 60 31.7
  30–39 26 29.9 57 30.2
  40–49 13 14.9 29 15.3
  50–59 11 12.6 26 13.8
  60 + 5 5.7 17 9.0
 Sexd     
  Female 52 59.8 69 36.7
  Male 35 40.2 119 63.3
 Urban cycling training course taken     
  Yes 5 5.7 7 3.7
  No 82 94.3 182 96.3
 Experienced cyclistd     
  Yes 74 85.1 181 95.7
  No 13 14.9 8 4.2
 Cycling frequency (times per year)d mean 123 (SD 72.4) mean 149 (SD 74.0)
  1. a % of all 276 injured cyclists
  2. % of 87 injuries on tracks (applies to all following % in this column)
  3. % of 189 injuries not on tracks (applies to all following % in this column)
  4. Variable distribution significantly different (p < 0.05) for “crash directly involved streetcar or train track” vs. “other or unknown crash circumstance”