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Table 3 Pattern of drug resistance among culture-positive TB cases with different variables in Hitossa District, Arsi Zone of Oromia Region, Central Ethiopia, 2015

From: Primary and secondary anti-tuberculosis drug resistance in Hitossa District of Arsi Zone, Oromia Regional State, Central Ethiopia

Characteristics Culture positive (n = 106) MDR-TB cases (n = 5) Any TB drug resistance (n = 23)
   Number COR (95 % CI) AOR (95 % CI) Number COR (95 % CI) AOR (95 % CI)
Sex        
 Male 51 (48.1) 2 0.71 (0.11–4.4) 0.67 (0.10–4.2) 14 1.54 (0.61–3.90) 2.5 (0.78–8.05)
 Female 55 (51.9) 3 1.00 1.00 10 1.00 1:00
 Total 106 (100) 5    24   
Age        
 15–24 40 (37.7) 3 1:00 1.00 10 1.00 1:00
 25–34 18 (17.0) 0 ------- ------ 6 1.5 (0.45–5.10) 2:18 (0.55–8.70)
 35–44 29 (27.4) 2 0.91 (0.14–5.84) 0.90 (0.3–6.1) 6 0.63 (0.19–2.10) 0.36 (0.08–1.56)
  ≥ 45 19 (17.9) 0 ------- ------- 2 0.35 (0.07–1.80) 0.19 (0.03–1.35)
 Total 106 (100) 5    24   
Residence        
 Rural 58 (54.7) 1 1:00 1.00 9 1.00 1:00
 Urban 48 (45.3) 4 5.18 (0.56–4.8) 4.8 (0.7–4.7) 15 2.84 (1.11–7.45) 4.1 (1.33–12.84)
 Total 106 (100) 5    24   
Education        
 Literate 47 (44.3) 3 1:00 1.00 10 1.00 1:00
 Illiterate 59 (55.7) 2 0.51 (0.08–3.21) 0.63 (0.09–3.6) 14 1.31 (0.51–3.37) 1.64 (0.53–5.11)
 Total 106 (100) 5    24   
History of TB treatment        
 No 85 (80.2) 2 1:00 1.00 14 1.00 1:00
 Yes 21 (19.8) 3 6.92 (1.10–44.4) 7.1 (2.6–43.8) 10 3.48 (1.29–9.44) 8:13 (2.26–29.30)
 Total 106 (100) 5    24   
  1. COR Crude Odds Ratio and AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio