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Table 5 Factors associated with condom use during last sex act

From: Sexual behaviour of women in rural South Africa: a descriptive study

Characteristic Condom use No condom use OR (95 % CI) p-value
Age 30 (18–49) 30 (18–49) 0.66
Ethnicity
  Sotho 116 (38) 193 (63) 0.49
  Shangaan 90 (35) 169 (65)   
HIV-status
  HIV-infected 91 (51) 86 (49) 2.9 (2.0–4.4) <0.001
  HIV-uninfected* 68 (27) 189 (74)   
Marital status
  Single 127 (42) 174 (58) * 0.001
  Married/engaged 66 (28) 173 (72)   
  Divorced/widow 12 (44) 15 (56)   
Employed
  Yes 62 (43) 81 (57) 1.5 (1.0–2.2) 0.040
  No 143 (34) 280 (66)   
Pregnant
  Yes 22 (22) 76 (78) 0.46 (0.28–0.76) 0.002
  No 180 (39) 285 (61)   
Hormonal contraceptives
  Yes 76 (34) 147 (66) 0.41
  No 129 (38) 215 (63)   
Intravaginal cleansing
  Yes 36 (27) 99 (73) 0.57 (0.37–0.87) 0.009
  No 168 (39) 263 (61)   
Alcohol use [before sex intercourse]
  Yes 18 (32) 38 (68) 0.51
  No 186 (37) 322 (63)   
Lifetime number of sexual partners 3 (1–15) 3 (1–30) 0.16
Concurrent sexual partners
  Yes 38 (44) 49 (56) 0.12
  No 168 (35) 312 (65)   
Currently has a steady partner
  Yes 193 (36) 344 (64) 0.61
  No 11 (41) 16 (59)   
Occasional partner(s)
  Yes 29 (46) 34 (54) 0.086
  No 175 (35) 325 (65)   
Receptive anal intercourse
  Yes 3 (12) 23 (89) 0.22 (0.064–0.73) 0.007
  No 192 (38) 318 (62)   
Fellatio
  Yes 29 (38) 47 (62) 0.72
  No 166 (36) 295 (64)   
  1. Data are provided as numbers (%) and median (range). OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; HIV, Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  2. *p < 0.001 for single vs. married (OR 1.9; 95 % CI 1.3–2.8); p = 0.82 for single vs. divorced and p = 0.07 for married vs. divorced