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Table 3 Associations between localized pain at baseline and re-employment at three-year follow-up

From: Musculoskeletal pain and re-employment among unemployed job seekers: a three-year follow-up study

Localized musculoskeletal pain Re-employment at 3-year follow-up    
OR (95 % CI)
Model Ia Model IIb Model IIIc Multiple imputation modeld
Hands/upper extremity     
 None 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Mild 0.84 (0.48–1.47) 1.45 (0.76–2.73) 1.40 (0.69–2.87) 1.22 (0.67–2.20)
 Severe 0.54 (0.28–1.02) 0.63 (0.31–1.27) 0.63 (0.28–1.38) 0.54 (0.27–1.09)
Neck/shoulder     
 None 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Mild 0.93 (0.51–1.66) 1.01 (0.52–1.94) 0.87 (0.42–1.81) 1.05 (0.50–2.23)
 Severe 0.78 (0.41–1.49) 0.72 (0.35–1.49) 0.99 (0.44–2.24) 0.72 (0.41–2.32)
Low back     
 None 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Mild 0.92 (0.53–1.60) 1.11 (0.61–2.04) 0.96 (0.48–1.90) 1.07 (0.50–2.29)
 Severe 0.41 (0.21–0.83) 0.40 (0.18–0.88) 0.37 (0.15–0.92) 0.35 (0.16–0.78)
Feet/lower extremity     
 None 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Mild 0.73 (0.42–1.25) 1.10 (0.60–2.01) 1.20 (0.60–2.40) 1.05 (0.48–2.29)
 Severe 0.41 (0.20–0.82) 0.46 (0.21–0.98) 0.38 (0.15–0.93) 0.51 (0.22–1.16)
  1. aUnadjusted model
  2. bAdjusted for age, gender, educational attainment, and marital status
  3. cAdjusted Model II + duration of unemployment, participation in CHC, alcohol use, smoking, physical activity, somatic diseases and depression
  4. Models I, II, and III are based on complete-case analysis (N = 284)
  5. dAdjusted for age, gender, educational attainment, marital status, duration of unemployment, participation in CHC, alcohol use, smoking, physical activity, somatic diseases and depression (N = 539)