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Table 2 Individual characteristics of participants by baseline musculoskeletal pain and re-employment at three-year follow-up

From: Musculoskeletal pain and re-employment among unemployed job seekers: a three-year follow-up study

  Baseline musculoskeletal pain  
% with no hands/upper extremity pain p-value % with no neck/shoulder pain p-value % with no low back pain p-value % with no feet/lower extremity pain p-value % re-employed at 3-year follow-up p-value
(n = 120) (n = 75) (n =106) (n = 126) (n = 156)
Age (years)   0.079   0.410   0.420   0.605   0.001
 18–29 54.5   25.8   43.3   53.0   67.6
 30–44 46.3   30.3   44.4   49.6   59.1
 45–59 37.5   27.4   35.3   40.3   38.8
Gender   0.819   0.001   0.286   0.342   0.222
 Male 44.8   42.4   47.6   41.4   49.4
 Female 45.3   20.7   37.7   50.3   57.2
Educational attainment   0.098   0.001   0.167   0.119   0.051
 No occupational educ. 40.9   25.8   38.8   44.3   46.2
 Vocational educ. 43.6   24.3   36.8   45.5   56.7
 College/university 54.0   35.9   54.8   58.1   65.6
Marital status   0.023   0.702   0.957   0.174   0.046
 Single 38.0   27.5   42.3   39.2   48.8
 Married/cohabiting 50.3   26.5   39.4   53.1   60.6
 Widowed/divorced 35.7   34.6   46.2   37.0   40.0
Duration of unemployment   0.970   0.081   0.616   0.745   0.093
 Less than one year 45.2   24.2   39.4   47.2   58.4
 More than one year 44.4   35.2   43.5   47.2   47.9
Participation in CHC   0.645   0.898   0.124   0.163   0.929
 Intervention group 43.0   26.3   38.8   40.9   54.6
 Control group 46.4   28.8   41.4   52.0   55.2
Alcohol use   0.692   0.363   0.432   0.456   0.879
 Never/less often 48.1   25.7   45.6   43.4   53.1
 2–4 times/month 43.8   25.4   34.5   46.7   56.3
 2 or more times/week 40.5   39.5   46.3   58.5   55.8
Smoker   0.819   0.965   0.442   0.028   0.679
 No 43.9   27.2   38.0   44.8   55.9
 Yes 46.6   28.7   45.4   51.0   53.3
Physical activity   0.128   0.068   0.016   0.047   0.774
 Much 55.4   35.6   53.6   55.3   54.9
 Moderate 41.8   24.3   36.4   50.7   58.6
Not at all/only a little 39.0   20.0   32.3   36.5   53.2
Somatic diseases   0.006   0.057   0.002   0.001   0.118
 No 52.8   32.7   50.0   54.5   58.8
 Yes 32.7   19.2   29.3   35.2   49.1
Depression   0.059   0.063   0.220   0.007   0.082
 No 47.1   29.3   43.0   49.8   56.9
 Yes 17.6   17.6   23.5   17.6   35.3
  1. P-value by χ 2 tests