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Table 3 Logit regressions for facility-based delivery

From: Utilisation of health services and the poor: deconstructing wealth-based differences in facility-based delivery in the Philippines

Specification (1) (2) (3)
Sample used Non-Poor Poor Pooled
Supply-side       
Distance to facility 0.739 *** 0.780 *** 0.757 ***
  (0.09)   (0.07)   (0.06)  
Socioeconomic factors       
Mother’s education (omitted: none)      
 Incomplete Primary 0.979   1.720   1.634  
  (1.22)   (0.77)   (0.65)  
 Complete Primary 1.058   2.098   1.960 *
  (1.27)   (0.98)   (0.80)  
 Secondary or more 1.312   2.690 ** 2.493 **
  (1.53)   (1.24)   (1.00)  
Partner’s education (omitted: none)     
 Incomplete Primary 0.532   1.478   1.247  
  (0.40)   (0.52)   (0.37)  
 Complete Primary 0.503   1.394   1.179  
  (0.35)   (0.52)   (0.36)  
 Secondary or more 0.694   1.997 * 1.675 *
  (0.48)   (0.71)   (0.49)  
Mother watches TV 1.184 ** 1.519 *** 1.397 ***
  (0.20)   (0.14)   (0.11)  
Mother’s Employment (omitted: agriculture)      
 None 2.327 *** 1.694 *** 1.739 ***
  (0.72)   (0.25)   (0.24)  
 Manual 2.444 *** 1.632 ** 1.750 ***
  (0.82)   (0.34)   (0.30)  
 Professional 2.496 *** 1.884 *** 1.931 ***
  (0.77)   (0.31)   (0.27)  
Partner’s Employment (omitted: agriculture)      
 None 3.269 ** 1.895   2.400 ***
  (1.51)   (0.77)   (0.68)  
 Manual 1.615 *** 1.315 ** 1.387 ***
  (0.27)   (0.14)   (0.13)  
 Professional 2.496 *** 1.705 *** 2.166 ***
  (0.51)   (0.27)   (0.25)  
Maternal factors       
Multiple birth 2.753 * 3.970 *** 3.548 ***
  (1.44)   (1.68)   (1.25)  
Previously terminated pregnancy 0.943   0.849   0.882  
  (0.13)   (0.10)   (0.08)  
Child’s birth order (omitted: 1)       
 2-4 0.524 *** 0.445 *** 0.481 ***
  (0.06)   (0.05)   (0.04)  
  > 4 0.209 *** 0.329 *** 0.286 ***
  (0.04)   (0.05)   (0.03)  
Mother’s age at birth (omitted: 15–19)      
 20-29 1.035   1.381 ** 1.218 *
  (0.17)   (0.20)   (0.14)  
 30-49 1.749 *** 1.948 *** 1.888 ***
  (0.34)   (0.35)   (0.25)  
Sociocultural factors       
Religion (omitted: Catholic)       
 Protestant 1.401   0.781   0.969  
  (0.38)   (0.18)   (0.16)  
 Islam 0.573   0.487 ** 0.526 **
  (0.16)   (0.12)   (0.10)  
 Other 1.139   0.740 ** 0.899  
  (0.11)   (0.10)   (0.12)  
Marital status (omitted: married)       
 Living together 0.822   0.913   0.861 *
  (0.11)   (0.10)   (0.07)  
 Other 0.628 ** 1.203   0.772  
  (0.13)   (0.31)   (0.12)  
Poorest      0.597 ***
      (0.05)  
Pseudo R 2 0.110   0.146   0.198  
Obs. 3,248   3,873   7,121  
  1. Notes: Estimated odd-ratios are reported with standard errors in parentheses. (*), (**) and (***) represent statistical significance at 10 %, 5 % and 1 % levels, respectively. All specifications include regional dummies and a dummy for missing partner information