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Table 3 Regression analysis of predictors of injection drug use behavior and risky injection drug use behavior

From: The association between psychosocial and structural-level stressors and HIV injection drug risk behavior among Malaysian fishermen: A cross-sectional study

  Injection drug usea Risky injection drug useb
OR 95 % CI p value OR 95 % CI p value
Age, 25 and younger (ref: older than 25) 0.13** 0.05–0.38 0.000 0.45 0.12–1.71 0.243
Ethnicity, Malay (ref: non-Malay) 1.74 0.18–17.05 0.633 2.56 0.23–28.37 0.442
Marital Status, Married (ref: single) 0.54† 0.28–1.05 0.068 0.7 0.33–1.47 0.346
Education, Some secondary or lower (ref: completed secondary or higher) 0.68 0.35–1.35 0.275 0.67 0.33–1.37 0.275
Employment role/job, Deckhand (ref: Captain) 2.72† 0.94–7.93 0.066 0.77 0.24–2.46 0.660
Vessel type a, Traditional (ref: Commercial) 0.28** 0.15–0.51 0.000 0.5* 0.25–0.99 0.048
Depression (BSI, cutoff score 63) 1.92 0.69–5.36 0.214 3.26** 1.39–7.67 0.007
At or below poverty line (ref: above poverty line) 0.52* 0.27–0.99 0.047 0.48* 0.25–0.93 0.030
Borrowed money in past 3 months (ref: not borrowed) 1.15 0.57–2.30 0.702 1.94† 0.97–3.88 0.062
Enough money to buy food in past 3 months (ref: not enough) 1.05 0.54–2.03 0.890 1.26 0.63–2.53 0.517
Needed or wanted place to stay past 3 months, but did not (ref: had consistent place to stay) 1.38 0.59–3.24 0.547 1.69 0.71–4.02 0.234
Ever been arrested 19.58** 9.81–39.10 0.000 16.25** 4.73–55.85 0.000
  1. ** p < .01; * p < .05; † p < 0.1
  2. a reference group: non-injectors
  3. b reference group: all others (i.e. non-risky injection drug users and non-injectors)