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Table 1 Evaluation measures for children and parents participating in the Fuel for Fun studya

From: Fuel for Fun: a cluster-randomized controlled study of cooking skills, eating behaviors, and physical activity of 4th graders and their families

Target measurement Instrument/Process Description Child Parent
  Individual Level
Demographics Child age, birthdate, gender, race and ethnicity; parent gender, age, race and ethnicity, nutrition and food assistance program participation, level of schooling, serious disease diagnosis Child information obtained from class rosters provided by schools; parent information is self-reported as part of an online parent survey X X
Height/weight Child measured; parent self-report Child data collected by research team using standard protocol; parent self-reported as part of online survey X X
Dietary intake assessment (24-h recalls)b Student-telephone The Pennsylvania State University Diet Assessment Center protocol X X
Parent-online
Physical activity 7-day accelerometry (75 hz; GENEActiv)c 7 days of free living, wrist-mounted accelerometry data from children and their parents; customized Matlab program will sum child and parent accelerations over 1 and 60 s, respectively, and apply published GENEActiv cutpoints to determine amount of time in MVPA weekday, weekend day, and specific time periods (before school, school-day, after-school, and evening) X X
Minutes/week of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA); adaptation of Godin/Shephard questionnaire [62] Students asked days/week and minutes/day of vigorous, moderate, and mild activity during free time; responses for vigorous and moderate PA summed for total MVPA. X  
Screen time Numbers of hours spent/day watching TV, playing video games or using a computer (not for homework). Responses 0–11 h X  
Stage of change for regular physical activity [42, 43] Students asked “Do you do regular physical activity as described?” Each of 5 responses correspond to one of the stages of Transtheoretical Model X  
International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) [63] Responses converted to met-min/week and identified as low, moderate, and high activity categories   X
Cooking experience Cooking with Kids Student Survey [38] Do you cook with family? Do you cook with friends? Do you cook? yes or no response options X  
Fruit and vegetable preferences Cooking with Kids Student Survey Preference for 7 fruits and 11 vegetables; 18 items, 5 response options, scored from 1 to 5, possible score 18–90. Cronbach’s α 0.82 X  
Cooking self-efficacy Cooking with Kids Student Survey Self-efficacy for skills related to cooking; 8 items, 5 response options, scored from 1 to 5, possible score 8–40. Cronbach’s α 0.70 X  
Cooking attitudes Cooking with Kids Student Survey Attitude toward cooking and making food; 6 items, 5 response options, scored from 1 to 5, possible score 6–30.Cronbach’s α 0.76 X  
Eating Competence: Satter Eating Competence Inventory (ecSI 2.0) [44] Parents: 16 items, 5 response options scored from 3 to 0. Possible score 0–48; scores 32 indicate eating competence. Cronbach’s α 0.89 X X
Students: FU1 3 Eating attitudes and behavior items; possible score 0–9
FU2 16 items, 5 response options scored from 3 to 0 Possible score 0–48; scores 32 indicate eating competence. Cronbach’s α 0.89
Food resource management skills Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) adults core behavior checklist questions [64] 13 items, 5 response options. Mean value for each item   X
Culinographics (cooking practices demographics) Questions from Krall and Lohse [44] 7 items, multiple choice   X
Modeling eating behavior Modeling Scale. Sample items: How often do you eat dinner with your child? 11-items from modified scale, each with 4 response options. Possible scores 0–33. Cronbach’s α 0.77   X
How often do you eat vegetables at dinner with your child? [65]
Self-efficacy/Outcome expectancies (SE/OE) Perceived ability to offer fruits and vegetables that their child will eat. Sample item: I can prepare vegetables that my child will like. [66] 12-items modified from tested measure each with 5 response options. Possible scores 12–60. Cronbach’s a 0.93   X
In-home fruit and vegetable availability Fruit and vegetable availability inventory. [46] 20 items (fresh, frozen, canned fruits, vegetables and 100 % juices) listed. Availability was affirmed or denied. Possible scores 0–20   X
Parenting Style Caregiver’s Feeding Style Questionnaire [67] 19 items, 5 response options. Scores converted to 4 caregiver feeding styles.   X
Parent Perceived Stress Single item from the Community Health Database [68] Visual analog scale from 0 (no stress) to 10 (extreme stress).   X
  Group Level
Plate waste assessmentd Digital photography [51] Pre-consumption reference trays and post consumption trays photographed; plate waste of each food item estimated to nearest 10 % X  
Physical activity assessment/observatione SOPLAY observation [26] Validated tool for direct observation of physical activity associated and environmental characteristics in free play settings. MVPA and estimates of energy expenditure are calculated from activity counts X  
  1. aMeasures collected at Baseline, month 7 and month 12
  2. bDietary intake assessment completed with a subsample of up to 100 parent/child dyads
  3. cAccelerometry measured on a subsample of children and parents from 3 of the 8 participating schools
  4. dPlate waste estimated from lunches of all assenting 4th-grade students participating the National School Lunch Program
  5. eSystem of Observing Play and Leisure Activity in Youth; conducted at all 8 participating schools during lunch time recess