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Table 3 Multivariable analysis – Factors associated with places of SHS exposure in the German Health Update (2012)

From: Factors associated with secondhand smoke exposure in different settings: Results from the German Health Update (GEDA) 2012

  Workplace (n = 1,562; 40.9 %) At home (n = 957; 25.1 %) Bars/discotheques (n = 1,002; 26.2 %) Restaurants (n = 255; 6.7 %) At the house of a friend (n = 1,280; 33.5 %)
Sex
 Male 2.42 (2.06–2.83)** 0.41 (0.35–0.49)** 1.39 (1.16–1.65)** 1.10 (0.82–1.47) 0.73 (0.63–0.85)**
 Female (ref.)      
Age
 18–29 years 8.32 (5.06–13.67)** 0.50 (0.37–0.68)** 3.35 (2.34–4.79)** 0.52 (0.32–0.84)* 1.13 (0.85–1.51)
 30–44 years 15.75 (9.68–25.61)** 0.41 (0.30–0.55)** 1.62 (1.13–2.33)* 0.68 (0.36–0.92)* 1.16 (0.87–1.54)
 45–64 years 12.80 (7.90–20.73)** 0.44 (0.33–0.58)** 1.42 (0.99–2.02) 0.47 (0.29–0.76)* 0.69 (0.52–0.91)*
  + 65 years (ref.)      
Educational status
 Low 1.18 (0.91–1.52) 2.10 (1.59–2.76)** 0.39 (0.30–0.52)** 0.32 (0.19–0.55)** 0.91 (0.71–1.16)
 Middle 1.49 (1.23–1.80)** 1.21 (0.96–1.51) 0.67 (0.54–0.82)** 0.84 (0.60–1.17) 0.96 (0.79–1.16)
 High (ref.)      
Migrant background
 Yes 1.76 (1.22–2.53)* 1.58 (1.08–2.31)* 0.70 (0.45–1.09) 1.94 (1.09–3.46)* 1.23 (0.87–1.75)
 No (ref.)      
Place of residence
 Urban 0.90 (0.76–1.05) 0.93 (0.78–1.12) 1.27 (1.06–1.52)* 1.43 (1.03–1.98)* 1.18 (1.00–1.39)*
 Rural (ref.)      
Living together with partner
 Yes 1.22 (1.01–1.48)* 1.62 (1.31–2.00)** 0.55 (0.45–0.67)** 0.62 (0.44–0.86)* 0.63 (0.52–0.75)**
 No (ref.)      
Physical activity (hours per week)
 ≥2.5 h 1.22 (1.05–1.42)* 1.12 (0.95–1.33) 0.81 (0.68–0.96)* 1.06 (0.80–1.42) 0.99 (0.85–1.16)
 <2.5 h (ref.)      
Risky alcohol consumption
 Yes 0.72 (0.61–0.85)** 0.80 (0.66–0.97)* 2.73 (2.30–3.25)** 1.05 (0.78–1.43) 1.32 (1.12–1.55)*
 No (ref.)      
Nagelkerke’s R 2 0.177 0.098 0.177 0.036 0.058
  1. Reference category: not exposed; weighted results
  2. Values represent odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals
  3. * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.001