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Table 3 Energy and macronutrient analysis of constructed healthy (recommended) [3] and current (unhealthy) diets [4] for select age/gender groups used to develop the household diet baskets

From: Testing the price and affordability of healthy and current (unhealthy) diets and the potential impacts of policy change in Australia

Age and gender group Diet Dietary Analysis
Energy intake (kJ/day) % Energy from protein % Energy from total fat % Energy from saturated fat % Energy from carbohyd-rate % Energy from alcohol
Adult male 19–50 year Constructed current (unhealthy) dieta 10670 17 32 12 47 4
Mean reported intake (AHS) [1] 10220 18 32 12 43 6
Constructed healthy dieta 8750 22 33 9 45 0
Recommended Foundation diet (Ht 1.6 m PAL 1.4) [2] 9000 15-25 20-35 <10 45-65 <5
Adult female 19–50 year Constructed unhealthy (current) dieta 7820 17 30 12 49 4
Mean reported intake (AHS) [1] 7540 18 33 12 44 4
Constructed healthy dieta 7370 24 29 9 47 0
Recommended Foundation diet (Ht 1.5 m PAL 1.4) [2] 7100 15-25 20-35 <10 45-65 <5
Senior male ≥ 70 year Constructed current (unhealthy) dieta 9040 16 30 12 48 4
Mean reported intake (AHS) [1] 8170 17 31 12 45 5
Constructed healthy diet [2] 7460 26 30 11 43 0
Recommended Foundation diet (Ht 1.6 m PAL 1.4) [2] 7300 15-25 20U-35 <10 45-65 <5
Senior female ≥ 70 year Constructed current (unhealthy) dieta 7200 16 30 12 50 3
Mean reported intake (AHS) [1] 6570 18 32 12 44 4
Constructed healthy dieta 6710 25 32 12 44 0
Recommended Foundation diet (Ht 1.5 m PAL 1.4) [2] 6500 15-25 20-35 <10 45-65 <5
Boy 14 years Constructed current (unhealthy) dieta 9130 16 29 12 54 0
Mean reported intake (AHS) [1] 10190 17 33 13 49 0
Constructed healthy dieta 8770 23 28 9 47 0
Recommended Foundation diet (PAL 1.4) [2] 9300 15-25 20-35 <10 45-65 0
Girl 8 years Constructed current (unhealthy) dieta 6420 15 27 12 56 0
Mean reported intake (AHS) [1] 6430 15 31 13 52 0
Constructed healthy diet [3]a 5890 26 23 9 51 0
Recommended Foundation diet (PAL 1.4) [2] 6000 15-25 20-35 <10 45-65 0
Boy 4 years Constructed current (unhealthy) dieta 7650 15 30 12 54 0
Mean reported intake (AHS) [1] 7640 15 32 14 51 0
Constructed healthy dieta 5110 25 24 10 50 0
Recommended Foundation diet (PAL 1.4) [2] 5200 15-25 20-35 <10 45-65 0
  1. aAnalysed in FoodWorks™ 7 Professional using NUTTAB 2010 and AusBrands 2012 data bases