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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of the study population (29–64 years) by gender

From: The ethnic gap in mobility: a comparison of Russian, Somali and Kurdish origin migrants and the general Finnish population

  MEN (n = 810) WOMEN (n = 1070)
Characteristics Russian (n = 124) Somali (n = 88) Kurdish (n = 192) Finnish (n = 406) Russian (n = 238) Somali (n = 151) Kurdish (n = 174) Finnish (n = 507)
  %a (n)b %a (n)b %a (n)b %a (n)b %a (n)b %a (n)b %a (n)b %a (n)b
Age, years (mean) 43.7 40.4 40.6 45.9 45.8 41.4 40.3 45.7
Married or cohabiting 77.7 (96) 81.8 (68) 83.6 (154) 69.4 (296) 60.0 (149) 70.6 (95) 75.8 (136) 69.3 (346)
High school graduatec 79.9 (92) 54.0 (38) 44.9 (82) 55.0 (228) 85.0 (197) 12.8 (18) 38.8 (68) 68.4 (342)
Employment status
 Employed 65.0 (75) 37.3 (31) 42.6 (80) 77.0 (308) 51.9 (122) 15.2 (21) 29.9 (56) 77.6 (391)
 Unemployed 30.0 (37) 38.8 (30) 37.5 (64) 5.6 (25) 29.0 (66) 31.9 (38) 31.7 (50) 3.0 (18)
 Economically inactived 5.0 (9) 23.8 (21) 19.9 (38) 17.4 (64) 19.1 (48) 52.9 (74) 38.4 (67) 19.3 (94)
Difficult economic situatione 22.9 (24) 59.6 (34) 47.4 (81) 8.8 (33) 31.1 (63) 42.3 (37) 41.9 (65) 12.0 (58)
Obese (BMI ≥ 30)f 16.4 (19) 5.2 (8) 20.8 (36) 20.4 (70) 20.9 (51) 49.0 (69) 31.0 (48) 20.9 (113)
At least one of the selected chronic conditionsg 24.8 (37) 13.1 (10) 40.3 (66) 25.4 (129) 28.7 (74) 43.3 (46) 49.5 (77) 30.4 (175)
Permanent injuries 16.6 (20) 7.8 (29) 27.6 (5) 9.3 (7) 12.9 (46) 6.0 (22) 14.5 (35) 4.5 (25)
Time lived in Finland, years
  < 6 26.9 (31) 12.6 (16) 12.1 (24) NA 19.4 (39) 13.3 (27) 12.7 (24) NA
 6–14 45.4 (53) 31.9 (27) 62.2 (112) 42.0 (103) 36.2 (49) 57.7 (99)
  > 14 27.7 (37) 55.5 (39) 25.7 (46) 38.6 (94) 50.5 (62) 29.6 (51)
Poor language proficiencyh 19.7 (27) 8.5 (13) 12.4 (25) NA 7.8 (25) 38.3 (55) 20.9 (34) NA
  1. NA = Data not available
  2. aAge-adjusted and weighted prevalence for all other variables except mean for age
  3. bCrude n
  4. cHas completed high school or part of high school in any country
  5. dIncludes e.g., students, housewives and pensioners
  6. eThose having not at all or a little money to meet their needs
  7. fBMI = Body mass index (kg/m2)
  8. gThose reporting at least one of the following diseases ever diagnosed by a physician: coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, asthma, chronic bronchitis, knee osteoarthritis or hip osteoarthritis
  9. hLanguage proficiency in Finnish or Swedish