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Table 1 Summary of CPA practices identified in Australia

From: Systematic examination of publicly-available information reveals the diverse and extensive corporate political activity of the food industry in Australia

Strategy Practice Australian Food and Grocery Council Coca Cola McDonald’s Nestle Woolworths Total (occurrences)
Information and messaging Lobbying 0 1 1 1 1 4 148
Stress the economic importance of the industry 4 1 1 1 2 9
Promote de-regulation 5 0 0 2 1 8
Frame the debate on diet- and public health-related issues 12 19 4 13 3 51
Shape the evidence base on diet and public health-related issues 14 9 2 51 0 76
Financial incentives Financial incentives 2 5 0 0 5 12 12
Constituency building Establish relationships with key opinion leaders and health organisations 0 1 0 9 3 13 127
Seek involvement in the community 2 46 26 10 12 96
Establish relationships with policymakers 11 0 1 3 3 18
Establish relationships with the media 0 0 0 0 0 0
Legal strategies Use legal action (or the threat of) against public policies or opponents 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Influence the development of trade and investment agreements 1 0 0 0 0 1
Policy substitution Policy substitution 6 1 3 10 2 22 22
Opposition fragmentation and destabilisation Opposition fragmentation and destabilisation 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total number of CPA practices identified 57 83 38 100 31 310 310