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Table 4 Components and characteristics of school gardening interventions included in this review

From: A systematic review of the health and well-being impacts of school gardening: synthesis of quantitative and qualitative evidence

First author (year)
Multiple studies about the same intervention are grouped together.
Name of school gardening intervention Gardening component Cooking as key component Nutrition education component Integrated with wider curriculum Produce used in school catering Outdoors some or all of the time Delivered by specialists Delivered by teachers Teachers trained by specialists Community involvement Theory-led intervention
Ahmed (2011) [40] No name (school garden program founded to prevent nutrition-related illness)           
Alexander (1995) [41] Master Gardeners’ Classroom Garden Project        
Anderson (2011) Hyrdoponic gardening system           
Block (2012) [24]
Block (2009) [25]
Gibbs (2013) [26]
Henryks (2011) [47]
Townsend (2014) [43]
Stephanie Alexander Kitchen Garden Program      
Bowker (2007) [44] Gardens for Life         
Brouwer (2013) [21] Watch Me Grow       
Chawla (2014) [11] No name (four different gardening programs at four high schools)          
Chiumento (2012) [12] Haven of Greenspace (social and therapeutic horticulture)         
Christian (2014) (1), [9] Christian (2014) (2) [10]
Passy (2010) [50]
Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Campaign for School Gardening     
Cotter (2013) [22] Aromas school gardening club           
Cotugna (2012) [27] Gardening education program           
Cutter-Macenzie (2009) [45] Multicultural School Gardens Program          
Davis (2011) [28]
Gatto (2012) [29]
LA Sprouts   
Hazzard (2011) [46] California Instructional School Garden Program           
Jaenke (2012) [15]
Morgan (2010) [30]
How do you grow?/How does your garden grow?  
Lakin (2008) [48] Health Promoting Schools: Gloucestershire Food Strategy      
McAleese (2007) [16] Nutrition in the garden         
Meinen (2012) [31] Youth gardening program: Got Dirt?          
Miller (2007) [49] Dimensions outdoor classroom including garden and greenhouse areas           
Ming Wei (2012) [13] The Discovery Garden          
Morris (2001) [32]
Morris (2002) (1) [33]
Morris (2002) (2) [34]
No name (nutrition education plus gardening)    
O’Brien (2006) [35] No name (based on Junior Master Gardener)         
Parmer (2009) [37]
Parmer (2007) [36]
No name (based on Pyramid Café/Health and Nutrition from the Garden)       
Ratcliffe (2011) [38] No name (garden-based learning activities)    
Robinson (2005) [39] No name (school gardening curriculum)         
Somerset (2005) [51] No name (schools with vegetable gardens)           
Viola (2006) [52] Outreach School Garden Project         
Waliczek (2001) [17] Project GREEN school garden program           
Wells (2014) [23] Healthy Gardens, Healthy Youth          
  1. Note: some studies did not report sufficient details about the intervention, so no tick may mean not applicable or not reported